Thermal degradation of polythiophene-natural rubber and polythiophene-synthetic rubber conducting polymer composites

Thermal degradation of conducting polymer composites of polythiophene and rubbers was studied by direct and indirect pyrolysis mass spectrometry techniques. The samples were prepared by electrooxidation of polythiophene using natural rubber or synthetic rubber as the insulating matrix. Presence of decomposition products which were not observed during pyrolysis of pure polythiophene and rubbers, and disappearance of rubber-based pyrolysis mass peaks, together with changes in thermal stability and behaviour, may directly be related to a chemical interaction between the components of the composites. The pyrolysis data were used to propose possible polymerization and degradation mechanisms.


Electrical transport, optical and thermal properties of polyaniline-pumice composites
YILMAZ, KORAY; Akgoz, A.; Cabuk, M.; Karaagac, H.; KARABULUT, ORHAN; YAVUZ, Mustafa (2011-11-01)
In this study, electrical conductivity, photoconductivity, absorbance and thermal properties of polyaniline (PANI) and polyaniline-pumice composites were investigated. Temperature dependent conductivity and photoconductivity measurements were carried out in the temperature range of 80-400K. The measurements revealed that the dominant conduction mechanisms in polyaniline and 15% pumice doped composite were hopping conduction. The low activation energies calculated for 36% pumice doped composite indicated tha...
Thermal degradation of polystyrene composites. Part I. The effect of brominated polyepoxy and antimony oxide
Kaya, Hatice; Hacaloğlu, Jale (2014-01-01)
Thermal degradation of polystyrene (PS) involving brominated polyepoxy (BA) and antimony oxide (PS/BE/Sb2O3) was studied systematically via direct pyrolysis mass spectrometry. Thermal decomposition of brominated polyepoxy was started by loss of end groups. The relative yields of high mass thermal degradation products of PS and the product distribution of brominated polyepoxy and antimony oxide were changed noticeably during the pyrolysis of PS/BE/Sb2O3 composite. Its thermal decomposition was initiated by t...
Thermal degradation of Polylactide/Poly(ethylene glycol) fibers and composite fibers involving organoclay
Ozdemir, Esra; Hacaloğlu, Jale (2018-01-01)
In this study, electrospun fibers of melt blended poly(lactic acid) and poly(ethylene glycol), (PLA)-PEG blends involving 10, 15 and 20 wt% PEG and their corresponding composites with organically modified montmorillonite, Cloisite 30B were prepared and characterized by x-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry and direct pyrolysis mass spectrometry techniques. The narrower fiber diameters observed for the PLA-PEG fibers involving organoclay compared to the corresponding neat fib...
Pyrolysis mass spectrometric analysis of copolymer of polyacrylonitrile and polythiophene
Oğuz, Gülcan; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In the first part of this work, the structural and thermal characteristics of polyacrylonitrile, polyacrylonitrile films treated under the electrolysis conditions in the absence of thiophene, polythiophene and the mechanical mixture and a conducting copolymer of polyacrylonitrile/polythiophene have been studied by pyrolysis mass spectrometry technique. The thermal degradation of polyacrylonitrile occurs in three steps; evolution of HCN, monomer, low molecular weight oligomers due to random chain cleavages a...
A pyrolysis mass spectrometry study of polythiophene - Natural rubber and polythiophene - Synthetic rubber conducting polymer composites
Yigit, S.; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Akbulut, Ural; Toppare, Levent Kamil (1997-01-01)
The thermal behaviors and degradation products of conducting polymer composites prepared by electrooxidation of thiophene using natural rubber or synthetic rubber as the insulating matrix were studied by direct and indirect mass spectrometry techniques. The pyrolysis mass data revealed that a chemical interaction formed between the components of the composites during polymerization. Thermal characteristics of rubbers totally disappeared in the composites indicating presence of some chain scissions leading t...
Citation Formats
J. Hacaloğlu, U. Akbulut, and L. K. Toppare, “Thermal degradation of polythiophene-natural rubber and polythiophene-synthetic rubber conducting polymer composites,” Polymer, pp. 5119–5124, 1997, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: