DETERMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOXORUBICIN RESISTANCE AND WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY IN HELA AND K562 CELL LINES

2018-01-01
Mutlu, Pelin
Pourianazar, Negar Taghavi
Yucel, Meral
Gündüz, Ufuk
Activation of the Wnt signaling in some types of cancer and its relation with chemotherapy resistance is a very interesting issue that has been emphasized in recent years. Although, it is known that increase in the activity of beta-catenin is important in blast transformation and drug resistance, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, changes in the expression levels of 186 genes that are thought to be important in drug resistance and Wnt signaling pathways were determined by using qPCR method in doxorubicin-sensitive and -resistant HeLa and K562 cell lines. It has been observed that the genes involved in the Wnt signaling pathways are involved in more changes in HeLa/Dox cells (36 genes) than in the K562/Dox cells (17 genes). Genes important for the development of cancer resistance have been found to be significantly different in expression levels of 18 genes in HeLa/Dox cells and 20 genes in K562/Dox cells. In both cell lines, the expression of ABCB1 gene was significantly increased to 160 and 103 fold, respectively. However, despite the resistance to same drug in HeLa and K562 cell lines, it appears that the expression levels of different oncogenes and genes involved in Wnt signaling pathways have been altered. It has been found that although resistance develops to the same drug in both cell lines, the expression levels of different genes have changed. If functional analysis of these genes is performed on patient population groups, these molecules may become candidates for novel therapeutic target molecules.
EXCLI JOURNAL

Suggestions

Synthesis of poly (dl-lactic-co-glycolic acid) coated magnetic nanoparticles for anti-cancer drug delivery
Tansık, Gülistan; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2012)
One of the main problems of current cancer chemotherapy is the lack of selectivity of anti-cancer drugs to tumor cells which leads to systemic toxicity and adverse side effects. In order to overcome these limitations, researches on controlled drug delivery systems have gained much attention. Nanoscale based drug delivery systems provide tumor targeting. Among many types of nanocarriers, superparamagnetic nanoparticles with their biocompatible polymer coatings can be targeted to an intented site by an extern...
Investigation of the role of programmed cell death 10 (PDCD10) protein in multidrug resistance
Urfalı Mamatoğlu, Çağrı; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2018)
Drug resistance, a major obstacle in chemotherapy, is the sum of several cellular alterations including resistance to induction of apoptosis. Apoptosis is a well-regulated cell death mechanism which is controlled by several signaling pathways and a vast number of proteins. Alterations in the proteins involved in the apoptotic regulation have been associated with drug resistance in cancer. Programmed Cell Death 10 (PDCD10) protein is a novel apoptotic regulator that is recently linked to the modulation of ce...
Identification of gene mutations involved in drug resistance in liver cancer using RNA-SEQ data analysis
Shojaei, Mona; Atalay, Rengül; Acar, Aybar Can; Department of Bioinformatics (2016)
A significant concern in cancer research is the detection of cancer associated somatic mutations. Liver cancer is the 5th most common and 2nd deadliest cancer in the world. Several somatic mutations were previously reported in liver cancer but their relations to chemotherapeutic response was not studied in detail. In this study, the relationship between mutation status and drug treatment response of well-differentiated Huh7 and poorly-differentiated Mahlavu liver cancer cells were analyzed. The RNA-Seq data...
Effect of cobalt-60 (gamma radiation) on multidrug-resistant multiple myeloma cell lines
Mutlu, Pelin; Ural, A. Ugur; Avcu, Ferit; Dirican, Bahar; Beyzadeoglu, Murat; Gündüz, Ufuk (2011-07-01)
Emergence of resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy is a major obstacle for the successful treatment of MM (multiple myeloma). Prednisone, vincristine and melphalan are commonly used chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of MM. In the current study, we examined the presence of possible cross-resistance between these drugs and gamma (gamma) radiation. Prednisone, vincristine and melphalan resistant RPMI-8226 and U-266 MM cells were generated by stepwise increasing concentrations of the drugs. The se...
Evaluation of methylation profiles of an epidermal growth factor receptor gene in a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patient group
Mutlu, M.; Mutlu, Pelin; Azarkan, S.; Baylr, Ö.; Öcal, B.; Saylam, G.; KORKMAZ, MEHMET HAKAN (2021-03-23)
Upregulation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene has shown an important impact on the development of head and neck cancers due to its important regulation role on multiple cell signaling pathways. The aim of this study was to investigate the methylation pattern of the promoter region of the EGFR gene between head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients and a control group. Forty-seven unrelated HNSCC patients, clinically diagnosed at the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Dlşkapl Y...
Citation Formats
P. Mutlu, N. T. Pourianazar, M. Yucel, and U. Gündüz, “DETERMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOXORUBICIN RESISTANCE AND WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY IN HELA AND K562 CELL LINES,” EXCLI JOURNAL, pp. 386–398, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/31648.