DETERMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOXORUBICIN RESISTANCE AND WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY IN HELA AND K562 CELL LINES

2018-01-01
Mutlu, Pelin
Pourianazar, Negar Taghavi
Yucel, Meral
Gündüz, Ufuk
Activation of the Wnt signaling in some types of cancer and its relation with chemotherapy resistance is a very interesting issue that has been emphasized in recent years. Although, it is known that increase in the activity of beta-catenin is important in blast transformation and drug resistance, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, changes in the expression levels of 186 genes that are thought to be important in drug resistance and Wnt signaling pathways were determined by using qPCR method in doxorubicin-sensitive and -resistant HeLa and K562 cell lines. It has been observed that the genes involved in the Wnt signaling pathways are involved in more changes in HeLa/Dox cells (36 genes) than in the K562/Dox cells (17 genes). Genes important for the development of cancer resistance have been found to be significantly different in expression levels of 18 genes in HeLa/Dox cells and 20 genes in K562/Dox cells. In both cell lines, the expression of ABCB1 gene was significantly increased to 160 and 103 fold, respectively. However, despite the resistance to same drug in HeLa and K562 cell lines, it appears that the expression levels of different oncogenes and genes involved in Wnt signaling pathways have been altered. It has been found that although resistance develops to the same drug in both cell lines, the expression levels of different genes have changed. If functional analysis of these genes is performed on patient population groups, these molecules may become candidates for novel therapeutic target molecules.
EXCLI JOURNAL

Suggestions

Synthesis of poly (dl-lactic-co-glycolic acid) coated magnetic nanoparticles for anti-cancer drug delivery
Tansık, Gülistan; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2012)
One of the main problems of current cancer chemotherapy is the lack of selectivity of anti-cancer drugs to tumor cells which leads to systemic toxicity and adverse side effects. In order to overcome these limitations, researches on controlled drug delivery systems have gained much attention. Nanoscale based drug delivery systems provide tumor targeting. Among many types of nanocarriers, superparamagnetic nanoparticles with their biocompatible polymer coatings can be targeted to an intented site by an extern...
INVESTIGATION OF CLONAL EVOLUTION IN CAPECITABINE RESISTANT CACO-2 AND IRINOTECAN RESISTANT HT-29 CELL LINES BY USING CELLULAR BARCODING TECHNOLOGY
Danışık, Nurseda; Acar, Ahmet; Özen, Can; Department of Biotechnology (2022-10-31)
The development of drug resistance in tumor cells is one of the biggest problems currently in the clinic. As the pace of drug discovery slows and each new drug becomes increasingly expensive to bring to market, it is becoming clearer that better model systems and an understanding of drug resistance mechanisms are needed for second-line therapies. The overall aim of this project is to investigate the clonal evolution and drug resistance in colorectal cancer cell lines Caco-2 and HT-29 by using cellular barco...
Effect of cobalt-60 (gamma radiation) on multidrug-resistant multiple myeloma cell lines
Mutlu, Pelin; Ural, A. Ugur; Avcu, Ferit; Dirican, Bahar; Beyzadeoglu, Murat; Gündüz, Ufuk (2011-07-01)
Emergence of resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy is a major obstacle for the successful treatment of MM (multiple myeloma). Prednisone, vincristine and melphalan are commonly used chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of MM. In the current study, we examined the presence of possible cross-resistance between these drugs and gamma (gamma) radiation. Prednisone, vincristine and melphalan resistant RPMI-8226 and U-266 MM cells were generated by stepwise increasing concentrations of the drugs. The se...
Identification of gene mutations involved in drug resistance in liver cancer using RNA-SEQ data analysis
Shojaei, Mona; Atalay, Rengül; Acar, Aybar Can; Department of Bioinformatics (2016)
A significant concern in cancer research is the detection of cancer associated somatic mutations. Liver cancer is the 5th most common and 2nd deadliest cancer in the world. Several somatic mutations were previously reported in liver cancer but their relations to chemotherapeutic response was not studied in detail. In this study, the relationship between mutation status and drug treatment response of well-differentiated Huh7 and poorly-differentiated Mahlavu liver cancer cells were analyzed. The RNA-Seq data...
Reversal of multidrug resistance in mcf-7 breast adenocarcinoma cell line by silencing interleukin 6 with RNA interference
Çakmak, Neşe; Gündüz, Ufuk; Department of Biology (2013)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) in cancer is characterized by development of resistance to several unrelated drugs upon long time administration of a certain type of chemotherapeutic agent. In doxorubicin resistant MCF-7 cell line, resistance is developed mainly by upregulation of MDR1 gene which encodes an ABC transporter protein known as P-glycoprotein. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a cytokine which acts as a growth factor for certain cell types including some cancer cells. IL-6 is found at high levels in cancer pat...
Citation Formats
P. Mutlu, N. T. Pourianazar, M. Yucel, and U. Gündüz, “DETERMINATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DOXORUBICIN RESISTANCE AND WNT SIGNALING PATHWAY IN HELA AND K562 CELL LINES,” EXCLI JOURNAL, pp. 386–398, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/31648.