Cradle or crucible - Anatolia and archaeology in the early years of the Turkish Republic (1923-1938)

2008-06-01
The Turkish History Thesis of the 1930s played an influential role in the construction of the discipline of archaeology in the early years of the Turkish Republic. The Thesis argued that the Turks belonged to a high culture that brought civilization to many parts of the world through episodes of migration from their original homeland in Central Asia. Following the launch of the first series of state-supported excavations in 1933, the arguments of the Thesis took on more specific forms. TWO important points were made, mainly through the help of archaeology, as well as linguistics and anthropology. First, the Thesis argued that Anatolia became the real Turkish homeland during migrations from Central Asia, and it hoped archaeology would confirm this by demonstrating Anatolia's identity as Turkish since prehistoric times. Second, as an alternative to the Orientalist discourse that viewed European civilization as having originated in Mesopotamia and Greece, Turkish archaeologists offered a new version of the origins of civilization that highlighted Central Asia and Anatolia. Believed to be the positivistic science of history, archaeology was able to convey powerful messages for framing the exclusiveness of national unity as well as the inclusiveness of the nation-state in the international arena. This article discusses the image of Anatolia and its reciprocal relationship with archaeology in the early years of the Turkish Republic.
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ARCHAEOLOGY

Suggestions

Multi-functional buildings of the T-type in Ottoman context : network of identity and territorialization
Oğuz, Zeynep; Altan, Tomris Elvan; Department of History of Architecture (2006)
This thesis focuses on the Ottoman buildings with a T-shaped plan and their meanings with respect to the central and centrifugal tendencies in the Ottoman context in the fourteenth, fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. The emergence of the multi-functional buildings of the T-type in the Ottoman realm is simultaneous with the burgeoning of a state in the early Ottoman frontier milieu, which is profoundly intermingled with the notion of gaza; whereas the demise of the use of the T-plan is coincident with ...
Turkey’s relations with Italy (1932-39): realities and perceptions
Doğar, Mehmet; Boyar, Ebru; Department of International Relations (2020)
This thesis examines Turkey’s relations with Italy between 1932 and 1939 through key historical events and analyses the role of Italy in Turkish foreign policy making. In so doing, it underlines the complex and multifaceted nature of the relations between the two countries and challenges the widely-held axiom in the secondary literature that the relations evolved from friendship to enmity in a unilinear way. This thesis argues that what defined the relations between these two Mediterranean countries in the ...
Conservation of village institutes as a heritage of early republican period: Ivriz village institute
Aladağ, Azime; Bilgin Altınöz, Ayşe Güliz; Conservation of Cultural Heritage in Department of Architecture (2019)
Following the foundation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, many modernization movements were started to reconstruct a modern new nation among which ‘education’ had an important role and position. As a reflection of the bottom-up development policy of the new Republic, a new education system of village institutes was established to support rural development via rural education. With the principle of revitalization of the villages, it was aimed to train teachers, agricultural experts, and health officers fro...
Institutionalization of History in the Ottoman Empire
Ergut, Ferdan (Informa UK Limited, 2015-04-03)
This article examines the process within which history was institutionalized in the Ottoman Empire. Institutional space for history had begun to be constructed within the context of interstate rivalry during the mid-nineteenth century. History had the task of "proving" the fact that the Turks had been from the very beginning a part of the "Western civilization." The essential period for the institutionalization history was that of the regime of the Committee of Union and Progress in 1908-18, providing histo...
Reconstruction of Turkishness among the Turkish immigrants in Rochester
Orhaner, Berkay; Yıldırım, Erdoğan; Department of Sociology (2013)
This thesis examines the history of Turks migrated from Turkey to Rochester and their changing constructions of identities. In the early 1960’s, there was only a small group of Turkish immigrants in Rochester, who were well educated professionals. After 1967, Turkish tailors and their families, who were seeking better employment in Western countries started to migrate to Rochester. Different than the common aspect of homeland based Turkish labor migration to West, Turkish tailors in Rochester came from diff...
Citation Formats
Ç. Atakuman, “Cradle or crucible - Anatolia and archaeology in the early years of the Turkish Republic (1923-1938),” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ARCHAEOLOGY, pp. 214–235, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/31751.