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Modelling the contribution of negative affect, outcome expectancies and metacognitions to cigarette use and nicotine dependence

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2017-11-01
Nikcevic, Ana V.
Alma Uzuntuna, Leyla
Marino, Claudia
Kolubinski, Daniel
Yilmaz-Samanci, Adviye Esin
Caselli, Gabriele
Spada, Marcantonio M.
Background: Both positive smoking outcome expectancies and metacognitions about smoking have been found to be positively associated with cigarette use and nicotine dependence. The goal of this study was to test a model including nicotine dependence and number of daily cigarettes as dependent variables, anxiety and depression as independent variables, and smoking outcome expectancies and metacognitions about smoking as mediators between the independents and dependents.