Geochemistry of mafic rocks of the Karakaya complex, Turkey: evidence for plume-involvement in the Palaeotethyan extensional regime during the Middle and Late Triassic

The Karakaya Complex within the Early Mesozoic Cimmerian Orogeny in northern Turkey represents the remnants of the Palaeotethys. It includes slivers and/or mega-blocks of slightly metamorphic basic volcanic rocks associated with fossiliferous sediments as well as hypabyssal and intrusive rocks with basaltic-andesitic to ultramafic compositions. They display two distinct compositional groups; namely alkaline and variably tholeiitic. The alkaline basalt samples are more akin to oceanic-island basalts (OIB) with relatively enriched trace element characteristics together with strong partitioning in HREE ([La/Yb](N) = 5.8-16.2), suggesting that garnet is present as a residual phase in the source of those basalts. The variably tholeiitic samples apart from diabases display E-MORB characteristics; being relatively depleted compared to the alkaline counterparts and less fractionated REE patterns ([La/Yb](N) = 2.1-3.6). The diabases, on the other hand, are distinctively different with a significant negative Nb anomaly (Zr/Nb = 28.9-43.4) and flat REE patterns ([La/Yb](N) = 0.8-1.4), suggesting their generation above a supra-subduction zone, probably a back-arc basin. These results may suggest that a mantle plume-related magmatism associated with extensional oceanic system should have been installed within Palaeotethys during Middle-Late Triassic time, which was then incorporated into subduction-accretion prism forming the final picture, that is, "the Karakaya Complex''.


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The Cangaldag Complex in northern central Turkey is one of the main tectonic units of the Central Pontide Structural Complex that represents the remains of the poorly known Intra-Pontide branch of the Neotethys. It comprises low-grade metamorphic rocks of intrusive, extrusive, and volcaniclastic origin displaying a wide range of felsic to mafic compositions. Petrographically the complex consists of basalts-andesites-rhyodacites and tuffs with minor amount of gabbros and diabases. On the basis of geochemistr...
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The Late Cretaceous-Tertiary accretionary prism in Eastern Turkey includes several ophiolitic megablocks and/or tectonic slivers (Mehmetalan, Mollatopuz and Alabayir) within a melange complex, mainly comprising harzburgite, dunite and cumulate-textured gabbro. The diabases, which are the main focus of this study, cut across the ophiolites as parallel and variably thick dyke-swarms. Geochemistry of the diabases reveals three distinct groups, including a) supra-subduction zone (SSZ) type, which is characteriz...
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Central Pontides in Northern Turkey is a key area, comprising variably metamorphosed and deformed low-grade metavolcanic rocks. In this study we report the geochemical characteristics of the Kösedağ metavolcanics (KMV), and infer their tectonomagmatic evolution. The KMV include blastomylonitic volcanic rocks covered by the Cretaceous clastics and carbonates. The chemical composition of the KMV ranges from basalt, andesite to dacite. The evolved magma compositions reflect fractionation of plagioclase, Fe-Ti ...
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Citation Formats
K. Sayıt and M. C. Göncüoğlu, “Geochemistry of mafic rocks of the Karakaya complex, Turkey: evidence for plume-involvement in the Palaeotethyan extensional regime during the Middle and Late Triassic,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, pp. 367–385, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: