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Time-frequency decorrelating decision-feedback multiuser detector over fast-fading multipath channels for synchronous DS-CDMA systems

RAKE receivers suffer degradation in performance under fast fading due to errors in channel state estimation. The wide-sense stationary uncorrelated scatterer channel model lends itself to time-frequency canonical representation, and provides additional diversity in the frequency axis. Using the joint multipath-Doppler diversity model based on this canonical representation, we propose a nonlinear time-frequency decorrelating decision-feedback multiuser detector for synchronous CDMA which utilizes decisions of the stronger users when forming the decisions for the weaker ones. Analytical and simulation results based on realistic fast-fading assumptions demonstrate that the proposed decision-feedback multiuser detector promises substantially improved bit-error-rate performance compared to time-frequency decorrelating multiuser detector for the weaker users, while the error probability of the weakest user approaches the single-user bound as the interferers grow stronger. The proposed detector exhibits strong resistance to the near-far effect for all users and the time-complexity-per-bit is linear in the number of users.