Molecular mechanism of estrogen-estrogen receptor signaling.

Yaşar, P
Ayaz, G
User, Sd
Güpür, G
Muyan, Mesut
17 beta-Estradiol (E2), as the main circulating estrogen hormone, regulates many tissue and organ functions in physiology. The effects of E2 on cells are mediated by the transcription factors and estrogen receptor (ER)alpha and ER beta that are encoded by distinct genes. Localized at the pen-membrane, mitochondria, and the nucleus of cells that are dependent on estrogen target tissues, the ERs share similar, as well as distinct, regulatory potentials. Different intracellular localizations of the ERs result in dynamically integrated and finely tuned E2 signaling cascades that orchestrate cellular growth, differentiation, and death. The deregulation of E2-ER signaling plays a critical role in the initiation and progression of target tissue malignancies. A better understanding of the complex regulatory mechanisms that underlie ER actions in response to E2 therefore holds a critical trajectory for the development of novel prognostic and therapeutic approaches with substantial impacts on the systemic management of target tissue diseases.
Reproductive medicine and biology


Functional importance of CXXC5 in E2-driven cellular proliferation
Razizadeh, Negin; Muyan, Mesut; Department of Biology (2019)
17β-estradiol (E2) as the main circulating estrogen hormone has an important role in the regulation of various tissues including mammary tissue. E2 effects target tissue functions by binding to the nuclear receptors, ERα and β. ERs regulate the expression of target genes. Previous studies conducted in our laboratory indicate that one of these estrogen responsive genes is CXXC5 which is regulated by ERα. CXXC5 has a highly conserved zinc-finger CXXC domain, which makes it a member of zinc-finger CXXC domain ...
Cloning and initial protein characterization of an estrogen responsive gene: YPEL2
Güpür, Gizem; Muyan, Mesut; Department of Biology (2014)
17β-estradiol (E2), the main circulating estrogen in the body, is involved in physiological regulation of many tissue and organ functions, including mammary tissue. E2 is also involved in target tissue malignancies. E2 regulates cellular proliferation, differentiation and death in target tissues. The lasting effects of E2 on cells are mediated by estrogen receptor and β that are the products of distinct genes and act as transcription factors. Upon binding to E2, the activated ER regulates the expression of ...
Assessment of 17beta-estradiol-estrogen receptor alpha complex-mediated changes in genome-wide methylation and gene expression profiles
User, Sırma Damla; Muyan, Mesut; Department of Biology (2016)
17β-estradiol (E2), the most potent estrogen hormone, induces cellular responses primarily through Estrogen Receptor-alpha (ERα), which is a transcription factor. Interfering E2 signaling indicates that E2 is mitogenic for cells, exemplified by MCF7 cells derived from breast adenocarcinoma, synthesizing ERα endogenously. Studies used exogenous expression of ERα in ERα-negative cell lines to examine structural/functional properties of the receptor. What was unexpected from these studies is the observation th...
The regulation of the CXXC5 gene expression
Yaşar, Pelin; Muyan, Mesut; Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics (2021-1-19)
17β-estradiol (E2) is the main circulating estrogen hormone in the body and is involved in the physiological and pathophysiological regulation of various tissue notably mammary tissue functions. E2 is responsible for cellular proliferation, differentiation, and/or death in target tissues. Our previous microarray studies suggested that expression of CXXC5 is regulated by E2-ERα through ERE-dependent signaling pathway and I verified that the CXXC5 transcript levels are augmented in response to E2. As a member...
Establishment of cell lines with inducible expression OF shRNA for an estrogen responsive gene
Karakaya, Burcu; Beklioğlu, Meryem; Department of Biology (2018)
Estrogen hormones, primarily 17β-estradiol (E2) as the primary circulating estrogen, are involved in the homeodynamic regulation of various tissues/organs including mammary gland within which estrogen receptor α (ERα) conveys E2 signaling. The binding of E2 to ERα activates the receptor to regulate estrogen responsive gene expressions. Previous microarray and gene expression studies of our laboratory indicate that CXXC5 is an estrogen responsive gene regulated by ERα. Our ongoing studies also indicate that ...
Citation Formats
P. Yaşar, G. Ayaz, S. User, G. Güpür, and M. Muyan, “Molecular mechanism of estrogen-estrogen receptor signaling.,” Reproductive medicine and biology, pp. 4–20, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: