This paper takes the view that the 'level of analysis' problem, first posed by Singer (1961), has not been discussed to the extent that it deserves in the literature of International Relations. The concepts of the 'level of analysis' and the 'unit of analysis' have widely been used interchangeably. The author attempts to make a distinction between the 'level of analysis' and the 'unit of analysis', arguing that the 'level of analysis' is an issue of how to study (methodology and context) and the 'unit of analysis' is one of what to study (actor and object). It is suggested that, although a distinction is possible and necessary between those issues, they cannot completely be separated. They are actually linked to each other through the idea of 'the whole'.


Transformed landscapes and a transnational identity of class: Narratives on (post-)industrial landscapes in Europe
Meier, Lars; Aytekin, Erden Attila (SAGE Publications, 2019-01-01)
Based on 222 qualitative interviews conducted through a large ethnographic research project on transformed industrial landscapes in six countries, the main argument of the article is threefold. First, landscapes and narratives about past and present landscapes are relevant to the identity of class; second, the transformation of industrial landscapes is most emphatically expressed by nostalgia; third, the narratives are a transnationally constitutive element of class identity. The narratives of workers about...
"Small States" in International Relations: Development, Definition, Foreign Policy and Alliance Behavior
Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (Uluslararasi Iliskiler Dergisi, 2017-01-01)
The aim of this article is to analyze the concept of small states in the discipline of International Relations to show differences and contradictions in the definition and to discuss the literature on foreign policy and alliance behavior of small states. The article emphasizes that there has not been a single approach to the definition of small states and there is diversity in the studies dealing with foreign policy and alliance behavior of these states. While the article enables us to question to what exte...
Ecevit's conception of nationalism: a unique position or a syncretic vision?
Konuralp, Emrah; Ayata, Ayşe; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2009)
This thesis is the analysis of Bülent Ecevit’s conception of nationalism. It also involves a review of contemporary theories of nationalism and academic works on nationalism in Turkey. The thesis is organised as analysis of Ecevit’s nationalism within time intervals in order to elaborate on the consistency of his conception nationalism along his long political life. The major source for analysis is Ecevit’s speeches in the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, his books, articles and declarations. In this sens...
Challenges of Demographic Pressures and Resource Scarcity on the Political Economy in the Levant & MENA Region
Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (Uluslararasi Iliskiler Dergisi, 2018-01-01)
This paper aims to analyze the challenges of population growth and resource scarcity in the Arab countries of the Levant. As the region has suffered from ongoing conflicts, civil wars, and political crises, the challenges of population growth and resource scarcity, coupled with environmental challenges has often been overlooked. This paper focuses on the problems associated with a growing population, such as an increased likelihood of unemployment and the emergence of a middle class poor in the region. Coup...
Civil society debate in Turkey: a critical analysis
Onbaşı, Funda; Özçoban Üstüner, Fahriye; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2008)
This thesis analyzes the debate revolving around the concept of civil society in Turkey with reference to academic literature. It argues that despite the seeming variety of approaches to the concept of civil society, there is an underlying commonality among the widespread usages of the concept. These seemingly different approaches in the end become the versions of the same hegemonic view. This, in turn, causes a vicious circle in the civil society debate in Turkey. The basis upon which this hegemonic view i...
Citation Formats
A. N. Yurdusev, “LEVEL OF ANALYSIS AND UNIT OF ANALYSIS - A CASE FOR DISTINCTION,” MILLENNIUM-JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL STUDIES, pp. 77–88, 1993, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/34452.