Challenges of Demographic Pressures and Resource Scarcity on the Political Economy in the Levant & MENA Region

This paper aims to analyze the challenges of population growth and resource scarcity in the Arab countries of the Levant. As the region has suffered from ongoing conflicts, civil wars, and political crises, the challenges of population growth and resource scarcity, coupled with environmental challenges has often been overlooked. This paper focuses on the problems associated with a growing population, such as an increased likelihood of unemployment and the emergence of a middle class poor in the region. Coupled with crony capitalism and patronage networks, it argues that the problems of youth are immediate and the necessity of inclusive policies is pressing. The paper follows by with a section that addresses environmental challenges and climate change. The linkage between environmental degradation and security is analyzed. The paper problematizes the Arab state, its regime survival strategies and its resistance to change as the main impediments for sustainability, growth and inclusiveness in the Levant.


The political economy of peace processes and the women, peace and security agenda
Erturk, Yakin (Informa UK Limited, 2020-07-01)
This article examines why the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda has been so challenging to implement and argues that the political economy of war and peace, driven by a complex network of power, is a deterrent to sustainable and gender-just peace. However, peace initiatives are not a zero-sum game. They are dialectical, offering possibilities for both regressive and transformative change. Although inclusion of women and gender concerns in current peace processes lags behind expectations, the WPS agenda...
A Historical Materialist Analysis of Turkish Foreign Policy: Class, State, and Hegemony
Yalvaç, Faruk (Uluslararasi Iliskiler Dergisi, 2016-01-01)
This article aims to develop a historical materialist analysis to analyse Turkish Foreign Policy (TFP) as part of what I refer to as critical foreign policy studies. The paper utilises a critical political economy approach to TFP based on the Gramscian concept of hegemony and extends it to analyse different foreign policy strategies as hegemonic projects developed by ruling capital classes to sustain their rule. The paper also presents the concept of hegemonic depth to resolve the antinomies involved in und...
Yurdusev, Ahmet Nuri (SAGE Publications, 1993-03-01)
This paper takes the view that the 'level of analysis' problem, first posed by Singer (1961), has not been discussed to the extent that it deserves in the literature of International Relations. The concepts of the 'level of analysis' and the 'unit of analysis' have widely been used interchangeably. The author attempts to make a distinction between the 'level of analysis' and the 'unit of analysis', arguing that the 'level of analysis' is an issue of how to study (methodology and context) and the 'unit of ...
Approaches to Turkish Foreign Policy: A Critical Realist Analysis
Yalvaç, Faruk (Informa UK Limited, 2014-01-02)
This article analyses different approaches to Turkish foreign policy (TFP) from a critical realist perspective. It seeks to criticize positivist and post-positivist approaches to TFP, arguing for a non-reductionist, historical materialist approach based on the principles of critical realism. It argues that historical materialist approaches are missing both from the analysis of TFP and from the mainstream foreign-policy analysis in general. In emphasizing the importance of a historical materialist approach, ...
"Small States" in International Relations: Development, Definition, Foreign Policy and Alliance Behavior
Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (Uluslararasi Iliskiler Dergisi, 2017-01-01)
The aim of this article is to analyze the concept of small states in the discipline of International Relations to show differences and contradictions in the definition and to discuss the literature on foreign policy and alliance behavior of small states. The article emphasizes that there has not been a single approach to the definition of small states and there is diversity in the studies dealing with foreign policy and alliance behavior of these states. While the article enables us to question to what exte...
Citation Formats
Ö. Tür Küçükkaya, “Challenges of Demographic Pressures and Resource Scarcity on the Political Economy in the Levant & MENA Region,” ULUSLARARASI ILISKILER-INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, pp. 75–87, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: