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Real-time experimental forecast of the Peruvian tsunami of August 2007 for US coastlines

2008-02-27
Wei, Yong
Bernard, Eddie N.
Tang, Liujuan
Weiss, Robert
Titov, Vasily V.
Moore, Christopher
Spillane, Michael
Hopkins, Mike
Kanoğlu, Utku
At 23: 41 UTC on 15 August 2007, an offshore earthquake of magnitude 8.0 severely damaged central Peru and generated a tsunami. Severe shaking by the earthquake collapsed buildings throughout the region and caused 514 fatalities. The tsunami resulted in three casualties and a representative maximum runup height of similar to 7 m in the near field. The first real-time tsunami data available came from a deep-ocean tsunami detection buoy within 1 hour of tsunami generation. These tsunami data were used to produce initial experimental forecasts within 2 hours of tsunami generation. The far-field forecasts indicated that the tsunami would not flood any of the 14 U. S. communities. Comparison with real-time tide gage data showed very accurate forecasts.