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Luminescence of molecular and block copolymeric 2,7-bis(phenylethenyl)- fluorenones; identifying green-band emitter sites in a fluorene-based luminophore

Çırpan, Ali
KARASZ, Frank E.
ODOI, Michael Y.
HAMMER, Nathan I.
BARNES, Michael D.
LAHTI, Paul M.
2,7-Bis(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylethenyl)fluorenone (OFOPV) and a segmented oligomer analogue linking OFOPV units with polymethylene flexible spacersalt-poly(2,6-dimethoxylphenylene-4-vinylene-[9-fluorenone-2-yl-7-vinylene]3,5-dimethoxyphenylene-4-[1,6-hexanedioxyl]) (pFOPV)were synthesized and their luminescence properties studied. Solution-phase photoluminescence (PL) of OFOPV and pFOPV shows concentration-dependent relative intensities of a fine-structured higher energy band and a featureless lower energy band, consistent with solution excimer formation. Neat film PL and electroluminescence (EL) spectra using 100% OFOPV and pFOPV emitter layers show red emission bands (λmax ∼ 610 nm). Solid film PL spectra of OFOPV diluted in PMMA or Zeonex are significantly blue-shifted relative to the neat film spectra. PL and EL spectra of 2,7-bis(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenylethenyl)-9,9-diethylfluorene (OFPV) blended with <1% by weight of OFOPV gives significant green region (g-band) emission in addition to the normal blue emission of OFPV. Monomeric OFOPV produced by adventitious oxidation is therefore identified as giving g-band emission in thermally stressed OFPV-based OLEDs, due to intermolecular energy transfer from OFPV excitons to lower energy OFOPV. The red emission in neat solid-phase OFOPV and pFOPV appear to arise from fluorenone-type excimers that do not play a direct role in g-band emission in this case.