Activities of Daily Living, Social Support, and Future Health of Older Americans

The authors investigated the relation of activities of daily living (ADL) and social support satisfaction to illness status 10 years later among 4,870 married older adults in the Health and Retirement Study (F. Juster & R. Suzman, 1995). The authors tested the direct and indirect effects of 1992 ADL, as well as family and friends support satisfaction and spousal social support satisfaction on 2002 illness status. The hierarchical multiple regressions found, controlling for 1992 illness status, ADL protected against future illness, and family and friends and spousal support satisfaction had small, surprisingly positive, effects on greater 2002 illness. The ADL x Family and Friends Support Satisfaction and the ADL x Spousal Support Satisfaction crossproduct interactions were also small positive predictors of later illness. The authors discuss several possible mechanisms that explained this unexpected result. The authors concluded that, depending on whether the recipient is in need of support and depending on the source of the support, the older adults do or do not benefit from the support.


Peer Victimization, Rumination, and Problem Solving as Risk Contributors to Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms
Erdur Baker, Özgür (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
The author examined the integration of 2 studies of literature on the development of depressive symptoms in adolescents, addressing ruminative coping styles and peer victimization. In particular, the author tested whether increasing levels of victimization and rumination along with perceived problem solving skills in Turkish adolescents are predictive of depressive symptoms. Participants were 250 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 18 years. The author conducted hierarchical multiple regression analyses ...
The role of peers and families in predicting the loneliness level of adolescents
Uruk, AC; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz (Informa UK Limited, 2003-03-01)
The authors investigated the relative contribution of peer relations, family structure, and demographic variables in predicting loneliness in adolescents. Ninth-grade high school students (N = 756) from 8 different schools representing various socioeconomic status in Ankara, Turkey, completed the UCLA Loneliness Scale (D. Russell, L. A. Peplau, & M. L. Ferguson, 1978), the Family Structure Assessing Instrument (A. Gulerce, 1996), and an author-constructed questionnaire involving demographic information and ...
Future time orientation and relationships with the opposite sex
Öner Özkan, Bengi (Informa UK Limited, 2000-05-01)
This study is an examination of future time orientation (FTO) and relationship satisfaction. Undergraduate students (N = 244) from Middle East Technical University were given a general FTO scale developed by T. Gjesme (1979) and a scale developed by this study's researcher to measure FTO in terms of romantic relationships. Participants were asked to rate their relationship satisfaction on a 9-point Likert-type scale. Although a general FTO was adaptive in terms of romantic relationships, a high concern for ...
Shyness and Cognitions: An Examination of Turkish University Students
KOYDEMİR ÖZDEN, SELDA; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz (Informa UK Limited, 2008-11-01)
The authors aimed to examine the relation between shyness and dysfunctional relationship beliefs and to extend findings of previous studies to understand the role of fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem in shyness. Participants were 415 Turkish undergraduate students at Middle East Technical University. The participants completed Turkish versions of the J. M. Cheek and A. H. Buss (1981) Shyness Scale, the Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale (Z. Harnamci & S. Buyukozturk, 2004) the Brief Fear of...
Innovation and adaptation in a Turkish sample: A preliminary study
Öner Özkan, Bengi (Informa UK Limited, 2000-11-01)
The aim of this study was to examine the representations of adaptation and innovation among adults in Turkey. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with a sample of 20 Turkish adults (10 men, 10 women) from various occupations. The participants' ages ranged from 21 to 58 years. Results of content analysis Showed that the representation of innovation varied with the type of context. Innovation was nor preferred within the family and interpersonal relationship contexts, whereas it was relatively more re...
Citation Formats
Ö. Bozo Özen, “Activities of Daily Living, Social Support, and Future Health of Older Americans,” JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, pp. 1–14, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: