Peer Victimization, Rumination, and Problem Solving as Risk Contributors to Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms

The author examined the integration of 2 studies of literature on the development of depressive symptoms in adolescents, addressing ruminative coping styles and peer victimization. In particular, the author tested whether increasing levels of victimization and rumination along with perceived problem solving skills in Turkish adolescents are predictive of depressive symptoms. Participants were 250 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 18 years. The author conducted hierarchical multiple regression analyses to examine the joint and separate predictive power of problem solving. rumination, and victimization on depressive symptoms on each gender. The results of the analyses indicate that rumination accounts for a significant fraction of depressive symptoms on both genders. However. victimization made a significant contribution to the depressive symptoms only for boys. The author found no interaction effect on depressive symptoms and discusses the results in light of related literature.


Shyness and Cognitions: An Examination of Turkish University Students
KOYDEMİR ÖZDEN, SELDA; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz (Informa UK Limited, 2008-11-01)
The authors aimed to examine the relation between shyness and dysfunctional relationship beliefs and to extend findings of previous studies to understand the role of fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem in shyness. Participants were 415 Turkish undergraduate students at Middle East Technical University. The participants completed Turkish versions of the J. M. Cheek and A. H. Buss (1981) Shyness Scale, the Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale (Z. Harnamci & S. Buyukozturk, 2004) the Brief Fear of...
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The authors investigated the relation of activities of daily living (ADL) and social support satisfaction to illness status 10 years later among 4,870 married older adults in the Health and Retirement Study (F. Juster & R. Suzman, 1995). The authors tested the direct and indirect effects of 1992 ADL, as well as family and friends support satisfaction and spousal social support satisfaction on 2002 illness status. The hierarchical multiple regressions found, controlling for 1992 illness status, ADL protected...
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The author examined the role of anxiety and avoidance dimensions of attachment and Big Five personality traits in adaptive and maladaptive dimensions of perfectionism among 604 (377 male, 227 female) Turkish university students. The results of 2 separate multiple regression analyses yielded that adaptive perfectionism was significantly predicted by conscientiousness, openness, and extraversion. Maladaptive perfectionism was significantly predicted by the neuroticism, anxiety, and avoidance dimensions of att...
The role of peers and families in predicting the loneliness level of adolescents
Uruk, AC; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz (Informa UK Limited, 2003-03-01)
The authors investigated the relative contribution of peer relations, family structure, and demographic variables in predicting loneliness in adolescents. Ninth-grade high school students (N = 756) from 8 different schools representing various socioeconomic status in Ankara, Turkey, completed the UCLA Loneliness Scale (D. Russell, L. A. Peplau, & M. L. Ferguson, 1978), the Family Structure Assessing Instrument (A. Gulerce, 1996), and an author-constructed questionnaire involving demographic information and ...
The Effect of Death Anxiety and Age on Health-Promoting Behaviors: A Terror-Management Theory Perspective
Bozo Özen, Özlem; Simsek, Yeliz (Informa UK Limited, 2009-07-01)
The authors aimed to examine the effect of death anxiety on the reports of health-promoting behaviors and to determine the role of age in this relation using a terror-management theory perspective. Participants were 100 individuals from Young adult (those who were 20-35 years of age) and older adult (those who were 60 years of age and older) groups whom the authors assigned to the death anxiety or control conditions. The questionnaire set included a demographic information sheet and the Health-Promoting Lif...
Citation Formats
Ö. Erdur Baker, “Peer Victimization, Rumination, and Problem Solving as Risk Contributors to Adolescents’ Depressive Symptoms,” JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, pp. 78–90, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: