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ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF A TEXTILE FACTORY IN TURKEY

2007-11-23
Mungan, Meral
Yetiş, Ülkü
Chemical explosion and fire risk assessment is conducted for a textile mill in Turkey. The study is within the framework of the first implementation of the EC Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC Directive) (96/61/EC) before legal transposition of the directive. Carrying out risk assessments in industrial facilities is necessary to comply with IPPC. Industrial accidents should also be investigated within the framework of the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents Directive (98/685/EC). The study aims to conduct a semi-quantitative risk analysis for a textile mill. The present risk analysis focuses on risks arising from flammable and combustible chemicals. Accordingly, risky units and the associated risks are determined first. Then a suitable method for a semi-quantitative risk analysis is selected. To rank hazards in terms of risk levels, a matrix method is used. The highest risks turn out to be the knock-on effects of an explosion on other industrial facilities. The danger of a dust explosion and vapor cloud explosion occurring is ranked high as well. Overall a chemical warehouse possesses the highest risk level.