Wild-growing Rosa heckeliana Tratt.: phenolic constituents with cytotoxic and antioxidative properties

Rosa heckeliana, as one of the wild-growing species of the family Rosacea, has a wide use in the folk medicine; however, scientifically there is very little known about it. Our objective was to examine the antioxidative and antiproliferative properties of Rosa heckeliana root extract and its phenolics. The phenolic constituents, namely catechin, caffeic acid, and ellagic acid, were obtained by the methods of extraction, fractionation, and purification through column chromatography. The DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging assays and total flavonoid content analysis were employed as the current antioxidant methods over the crude extract and fractionated parts. Among the extracts/fractions, the ethyl acetate fraction exhibited the highest amount of flavonoid content (4.58 +/- 0.018 mu g CE/mg of extract). The ethyl acetate fraction also displayed high antioxidative properties for DPPH (EC50 value: 2.78 +/- 0.01 mu g/mL) and ABTS scavenging capacities (586 +/- 6.64 mu M trolox as TEAC value). Additionally, the antiproliferative properties of the crude extract and the ethyl acetate fraction and its isolated constituents were evaluated for two breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) using the XTT method. Acetate fraction over the cells of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 resulted in ED50 values of 61.18 +/- 0.99 mu g/mL and 62.54 +/- 2.01 mu g/mL, respectively. The isolated phenolic constituents were twice as effective as the ethyl acetate fraction on both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells.


Bioproduction, structure elucidation and in vitro antiproliferative effect of eumelanin pigment from Streptomyces parvus BSB49
Bayram, Sinan; Dengiz, Çağatay; GERÇEK, Yusuf Can; ÇETİN, İdil; TOPÇUL, Mehmet Rıfkı (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-01-01)
In this study, the structure of the purified extracellular eumelanin pigment isolated from Streptomyces spp. was elucidated by detailed analysis via two different spectroscopic techniques (FT-IR and NMR). In vitro antiproliferative effects of eumelanin were evaluated on HeLa cell line. These experiments were carried out with the evaluation of the parameters including cell viability, cell index, and mitotic index. With the cell viability and cell index, IC50 concentration of eumelanin was determined as 10 μM...
In vitro evaluation of PLLA/PBS sponges as a promising biodegradable scaffold for neural tissue engineering
Kanneci Altinisik, Irem Ayse; Kök, Fatma Neşe; Yucel, Deniz; KÖSE, GAMZE (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, 2017-01-01)
In tissue engineering, the use of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA)/polybutylene succinate (PBS) blend for the construction of scaffold is very limited. Moreover, polymeric sponges fabricated from PLLA/PBS have not been studied for neural tissue engineering. In the present study, the potential of the utility of PLLA/PBS polymeric sponges seeded with Schwann cells was investigated. PLLA and PBS were blended in order to increase the processability and tune the crystallinity, porosity, and degradation rate of the resu...
Metal tolerance and biosorption capacity of Bacillus circulans strain EB1
Yilmaz, EI (Elsevier BV, 2003-07-01)
A heavy-metal-resistant bacterium Bacillus sp., strain EB1 was isolated from heavy-metal-contaminated soil in the southeast region of Turkey. Based on 16S ribosomal DNA sequencing, the microorganism was closely related to Bacillus circulans. Minimal inhibitory concentrations of metals (MICs) for the bacterium were determined. Bacillus EB1 exhibited high MIC values for metals and a large spectrum of antibiotic resistance. The order of toxicity of the metals to the bacterium was Cd = Co > Cu > Ni > Zn > Mn in...
Cloning, characterization and heterologous expression of the aspartokinase and aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase genes of cephamycin C-producer Streptomyces clavuligerus
Tunca, S; Yilmaz, EI; Piret, J; Liras, P; Özcengiz, Gülay (Elsevier BV, 2004-09-01)
Carbon flow through the lysine branch of the aspartate biosynthetic pathway is a rate-limiting step in the formation of cephamycin C, a broad spectrum P-lactam antibiotic produced by Streptomyces clavuligerus. In this study, genes which encode the enzymes catalyzing the first two steps of the aspartate pathway, ask (aspartokinase) and asd (aspartate semialdehyde dehydrogenase), in S. clavuligerus NRRL 3585 were cloned and sequenced. Nucleotide sequencing and codon preference analysis revealed three complete...
Plasmalemma from the roots of cucumber: Isolation by two-phase partitioning and characterization
Memon, Abdul Razaque; Sommarin, Marianne; Kylin, Anders (Wiley, 1987-2)
Plasmalemma was isolated from the roots of 2‐week‐old cucumber plants (Cucumis sativus L. cv. Rhensk druv) by utilizing an aqueous polymer two‐phase system with 6.5%:6.5% (w/w) Dextran T500 and polyethylene glycol (PEG) 3350 at pH 7.8. The plasmalemma fraction comprised ca 6% of the membrane proteins contained in the microsomal fraction. The specific activity of the plasma membrane marker enzyme (K+, Mg2+‐ATPase) was 14‐ to 17‐times higher in the upper (PEG‐rich) than in the lower (Dextran‐rich) phase, and ...
Citation Formats
N. Çoruh, “Wild-growing Rosa heckeliana Tratt.: phenolic constituents with cytotoxic and antioxidative properties,” TURKISH JOURNAL OF BIOLOGY, pp. 195–212, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/35185.