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Defect-induced room temperature ferromagnetism in B-doped ZnO

Yilmaz, S.
Nisar, J.
Atasoy, Y.
McGlynn, E.
Ahuja, R.
Parlak, Mehmet
ZnO microrods were grown on glass substrates by the spray pyrolysis method and boron was doped into the ZnO microrods by diffusion. X-ray diffraction results confirmed that the incorporation of B leads to a slight reduction in the deposit texture. Scanning electron microscopy measurements showed that the morphology of the ZnO samples changed from a microrod to nanocrystalline structure with B-doping. Photoluminescence data indicate that B-doping leads to a relative increase of the unstructured green band intensity. Magnetic measurements revealed that B-doped ZnO samples exhibited room temperature ferromagnetism related to defects, in agreement with first principles theoretical calculations. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.