Electrochemical polymerization of 9-fluorenecarboxylic acid and its electrochromic device application

Bezgin, Buket
Önal, Ahmet Muhtar
Poly(9-fluorenecarboxylic acid) (PFCA) was synthesized by electrochemical oxidation of 9-fluorenecarboxylic acid (FCA) using a mixture of nitromethane and boron trifluoride diethyl etherate as the solvent and tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate as the supporting electrolyte. An insoluble and conducting brownish-orange film was deposited on the electrode surface, both during repetitive cycling and constant potential electrolysis at 1.15 V. Characterization of the polymer film has been carried out using Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy technique and thermal behavior was studied via thermal gravimetric analysis. Structural analysis showed that the polymerization of FCA occurred at 2,7-position. Spectroelectrochemical behavior of the polymer film on indium tin oxide working electrode was studied by recording the electronic absorption spectra, in-situ, in monomer-free electrolytic solution at different potentials and it is found that the PFCA film can be reversibly cycled between 0.0 V and 1.2 V Furthermore, a dual type electrochromic device based on PFCA was constructed and its spectroelectrochemical properties were investigated. The electrochromic device exhibits color change from transparent to dark blue with a good open circuit memory.


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The homopolymer and copolymer of succinic acid bis-(2-thiophen-3-yl-ethyl)ester with thiophene were achieved via constant potential electrolysis in the presence of tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate as the supporting electrolyte, and acetonitrile/borontrifluoride ethylether (ACN/BFEE) (10:2 v/v) solvent mixture. The characterizations of both homopolymer (PSATE) and copolymer P(SATE-co-Th) were achieved by various techniques including cyclic voltammetry (CV), Fr-IR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and U...
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A series of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/polythiophene (Pth)/carbon fiber (CF) composites was synthesized by electrochemical polymerization using tetrabutylammoniumtetrafluoroborate (TBAFB) as supporting electrolyte and acetonitrile as solvent. Composites were characterized by TGA, SEM, and mechanical tests and conductivity measurements. Conductivities of composites were in the range of 25 S/cm. SEM studies show that CF were coated by PDMS/Pth matrix and well oriented in the matrix. In mechanical tests it ha...
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Na2S was synthesized by a new solid-gas reaction of Na2CO3 with a sulfidizing gas mixture and a solid-solid reaction of carbon with Na2SO4. The reaction products were analyzed by X-ray powder diffraction and IR methods. Two new crystal modifications of Na2S were identified in addition to the previously reported antifluorite structure. They were designated as cubic Form II and orthorhombic Form III. The approximate unit cell dimensions were found to be a = 11.29 Å for the cubic form and a = 15.94, b = 16.00,...
Citation Formats
B. Bezgin, A. CİHANER, and A. M. Önal, “Electrochemical polymerization of 9-fluorenecarboxylic acid and its electrochromic device application,” THIN SOLID FILMS, pp. 7329–7334, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/42983.