The reversible EMF for the formation of MgCl2 in fused salts containing NaCl and CaCl2 was studied with a view to furthering the understanding of electrolytes of use in industrial magnesium electrolysis. Measurements were carried out in a cell with pure chlorine gas and Mg-Bi alloy as active electrode materials. The data were used to infer the Gibbs energy of mixing, the enthalpy of mixing and the entropy of mixing. These properties were used with other data to construct the liquidus surface of the ternary phase diagram. A multiple discrete complex anion (MDCA) model was proposed to interpret all thermodynamic findings. Successful correlations were obtained when both MgCl42− and CaCl42− complex anions were assumed to be in equilibrium with the elementary ions Cl−, Na+, Mg2+ and Ca2+.


A comparative study of electrocoagulation and coagulation of aqueous suspensions of kaolinite powders
Kilic, Mehtap Guelsuen; Hoşten, Çetin (2010-04-15)
Removal of kaolinite particles from their synthetically prepared suspensions was studied by electrocoagulation and coagulation to investigate the effect of such operating parameters as initial pH, coagulant dosage, applied voltage, current density, and time. Coagulation was more effective in a wider pH range (pH 5-8) than electrocoagulation which yielded optimum effectiveness in a relatively narrower pH range around 9, where, in both methods, these pH values corresponded to near-zero zeta potentials of kaol...
A theoretical study on coenzyme Q(10) and its reduced form. AM1 treatment
Türker, Burhan Lemi (2000-01-01)
Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10)) and its reduced form, ubiquinol (CoQ(10)H(2)) were subjected to semiempirical quantum chemical treatment at the level of AM1-RHF type calculations. Both of the structures are stable having negative total and binding energies and exothermic heats of formation. The frontier molecular orbital characteristics, electrostatic contour diagrams and charge distributions of these structures were presented.
A quantum chemical study of nitric oxide reduction by ammonia (SCR reaction) on V2O5 catalyst surface
Soyer, Sezen; Uzun, Alper; Senkan, Selim; Önal, Işık (2006-12-15)
The reaction mechanism for the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of nitric oxide by ammonia on (010) V2O5 surface represented by a V2O9H8 cluster was simulated by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations performed at B3LYP/6-31G** level. The computations indicated that SCR reaction consisted of three main parts. For the first part, ammonia activation on V2O5 was investigated. Ammonia was adsorbed on Bronsted acidic V-OH site as NH4+ species by a non-activated process with an exothermic relati...
A comparative study of spectrophotometric and iodometric back titration methods for hydrogen sulfide determination in anoxic Black Sea waters
Gokmen, S; Romanov, AS; Basturk, O; Konovalov, SK (1997-06-19)
Iodometric Back Titration (IBT) and Spectrophotometric (SPM) determination are two commonly used methods for the determination of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) concentration in sea water. These two methods were applied in parallel for analysis of Black Sea anoxic waters and artificial solutions containing different H2S concentrations. The results of the SPM and IBT methods are in agreement when the HIS concentration in sea water is higher than 30 mu M and the precision of IBT is higher than that of SPM method. How...
An investigation of the microstructural and mechanical properties of tri-calcium phosphates doped with aluminum and fluoride ions
Tahmasebifar, Aydin; Evis, Zafer; Department of Engineering Sciences (2011)
The aim of this study was to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of pure tricalcium phosphate (TCP) and tricalcium phosphates doped with aluminum (Al3+) and fluoride (F-) ions at different compositions. TCP was synthesized via precipitation method and sintered at 1100C for 1 and 5 h. It was observed that density and relative density of the sintered materials were decreased by extending the sintering time. Increased densities were achieved upon Al3+ and/or F- doping. For structural anal...
Citation Formats
İ. Karakaya, “A THERMODYNAMIC STUDY OF THE SYSTEM MGCL2-NACL-CACL2,” CANADIAN METALLURGICAL QUARTERLY, pp. 307–317, 1986, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/35923.