This study investigates the feminization and defeminization trends in manufacturing employment in thirty countries from 1995 to 2011. Utilizing two separate methods, structural decomposition analysis (SDA) and factor content analysis (FCA), the study identifies the major industries and trade partners behind the structural shifts in trade that have induced changes in employment and thus in the rates of women's employment. The findings highlight that, as a general trend, defeminization in manufacturing has persisted in the Global North, led by a negative trade impact in low-technology industries. In the Global South, feminization and defeminization trends are not as straightforward. Despite positive changes in women's share of employment in medium-high- and high-technology industries, negative gender bias effects of trade changes are found particularly in high-technology industries, where occupations are notably gendered.


The dynamics of firms in a micro-to-macro model: The role of training, learning and innovation
Ballot, G; Taymaz, Erol (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1997-12-01)
We analyze the co-evolution of the performances of firms and of the economy in an evolutionary micro-to-macro model of the Swedish economy. The model emphasizes the interactions between human capital (or competences) and technological change at the firm level and their effects;on aggregate growth, taking into account the micro-macro feedbacks. The model features learning-by-doing, incremental and radical innovations, user-producer learning at the firm level, and a change in the techno-economic paradigm. We ...
The evolution of the distribution of plant size: Evidence from Luxemburg
Bertinelli, Luisito; Cardi, Olivier; Pamukcu, Mehmet Teoman; Strobl, Eric (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-12-01)
In a recent paper, [Cabral, L. M. B. and J. Mata, 2003, American Economic Review, 93, 1075-1090] using Portuguese manufacturing data have shown for the first time that the plant size distribution is significantly right-skewed at the early part of the life cycle and then changes to become more log-normal. Using a similar proxy for plant age we compare this stylised fact for both Luxembourg manufacturing and services. Use of plants' true age, however, reveals that the size distribution reverses back towards r...
CARLSSON, B; Taymaz, Erol (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1994-06-01)
This paper analyzes the development over the postwar period of output, employment, and the number of plants in manufacturing in the United States. It is shown that the distribution of flexible technology in the form of machine tools (NCMTs) shifted markedly toward small plants during the 1980s. It is found that the probability of adoption and the penetration rate of NCMTs are higher in large than in small plants, even though the number of NCMTs per worker is much higher in small plants. This apparent parado...
Transitions across labor market states including formal/informal division in Egypt
Tansel, Aysıt (2019-11-01)
This study examines the worker transitions across labor market states including formal/informal division using panel data of 2006 to 2012 from Egypt. We generate a broad set of facts about labor market dynamics in Egypt. We first develop transition probabilities by gender across different labor market states including formal/informal sectors utilizing Markov transition processes. Government employment is the most persistent labor market state for both men and women and the out of labor force is the second m...
The Granger-causality between health care expenditure and output: a panel data approach
Erdil, Erkan (Informa UK Limited, 2009-01-01)
This study investigates the Granger-causality relationship between real per capita GDP and real per capita health care expenditure by employing a large macro panel data set with a VAR representation. The findings verify that the dominant type of Granger-causality is bidirectional. In instances that we found one-way causality, the pattern is not homogenous: Our analyses show that one-way causality generally runs from income to health in low- and middle-income countries whereas the reverse holds for high-inco...
Citation Formats
D. Ş. Saraçoğlu and E. Voyvoda, “CHANGES IN GLOBAL TRADE PATTERNS AND WOMEN’S EMPLOYMENT IN MANUFACTURING, 1995-2011,” FEMINIST ECONOMICS, pp. 1–28, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: