Hide/Show Apps

Factorization of Joint Probability Mass Functions into Parity Check Interactions

Bayramoglu, Muhammet Fatih
Yılmaz, Ali Özgür
We show that any joint probability mass function (PMF) can be expressed as a product of parity check factors an d factors of degree one with the help of some auxiliary variables, if the alphabet size is appropriate for defining a parity chec k equation. In other words, marginalization of a joint PMF is equivalent to a soft decoding task as long as a finite field can be constructed over the alphabet of the PMF. In factor graph terminology this claim means that a factor graph representing such a joint PMF always has an equivalent Tanner graph. We provide a systematic method based on the Hilbert space of PMF s and orthogonal projections for obtaining this factorization.