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Effect of high-temperature on the swellable organically-modified silica (SOMS) and its application to gas-phase hydrodechlorination of trichloroethylene

Sohn, Hyuntae
Çelik, Gökhan
Gunduz, Seval
Majumdar, Sreshtha Sinha
Dean, Stacey L.
Edmiston, Paul L.
Ozkan, Umit S.
Pd catalysts supported on swellable organically-modified silica (SOMS) and high-temperature treated swellable organically-modified silica (H-SOMS) were characterized and tested for gas-phase hydrodechlorination (HDC) of trichloroethylene (TCE) conditions. The high-temperature treatment on SOMS resulted in an increase in surface area and pore diameter as well as significant improvement of Pd dispersion on H-SOMS with smaller Pd particle sizes compared to the Pd/SOMS catalyst. Although the high-temperature treatment led to some alteration of the SOMS polysiloxane network, the hydrophobicity and organic vapor adsorption characteristics of SOMS were preserved. The reduction and oxidation characteristics of Pd on SOMS and HSOMS were investigated in situ using XANES technique. It was found that the Pd sites in the pores of SOMS was accessible to small molecules such as H-2, facilitating the reduction of PdOx, whereas oxidation of metallic Pd was limited even at higher temperatures when O-2 was used. This effect was only observed over Pd/SOMS catalyst. For Pd/H-SOMS, because the pores were more widely open than Pd/SOMS, both reduction and oxidation of Pd were observed. Finally, the catalytic activity of Pd/H-SOMS for gas-phase HDC of TCE was significantly better than Pd/SOMS. When water was added to the reactant stream (TCE + H2O), both Pd/SOMS and Pd/H-SOMS maintained its catalytic performances due to hydrophobic property of the supports.