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Low-cost bandpass filter for terahertz applications

2015-04-01
Takan, Taylan
Keskin, Hakan
Altan, Hakan
Compared to the visible and infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, development of optical components in the terahertz region has progressed slowly even though the feature size of structures makes many of them easily attainable by many conventional manufacturing techniques. Of these, the performance of components with machined metal surfaces, such as filters, typically has suffered from the errors and inconsistencies in the manufacturing which has led many to manufacture these using more expensive deposition and processing tools. Here we show that by using a novel, high power Yb:doped pulsed nanosecond fiber laser system with exceptional beam quality, aluminum metal surfaces can be machined with high precision leading to a high quality band pass filter working in the terahertz frequency range. The filter was laser machined on a 0.05 mm thick aluminum substrate over a 1 cm area where the unit cell in the pattern had an equilateral triangular geometry in which the base length between the holes and the diameters were machined with better than 4 % accuracy. The produced structures are modeled by utilizing the obtained structural parameters in a waveguide configuration and then characterized by the existing home-built time-domain terahertz spectrometers in our laboratories. The results show a near 100 % power transmission at the desired terahertz frequency range which suggests that these manufacturing techniques can be used to produce low-cost THz filters.