Development of Attitudes Toward Voluntary Childlessness Scale and Its Associations With Ambivalent Sexism in Turkey

2019-12-01
Bahtiyar-Saygan, Bahar
Sakallı, Nuray
We aimed to develop a scale about attitudes toward voluntary childlessness and explore the predictive powers of hostile/benevolent sexism, and demographic factors (age, gender, education, income, and already having a child) on the scale. Three factors (N = 322; Mage = 32.47, SDage = 9.33) emerged: negative biases against childfree people (α = .92); necessity of children in being a family, having a happy/meaningful life (α = .94); and supporting individuals’ choice to be childless (α = .80). The scale was found to be reliable and valid. People with higher hostile/benevolent sexism had more negative bias against childfree people, perceived children as necessary to form a family and provided less support for the childlessness choice. Higher education predicted more positive attitudes toward childlessness. People already having a child perceived children necessary to be a family. Younger people tended to support childlessness choice. Gender and income did not predict the factors.

Citation Formats
B. Bahtiyar-Saygan and N. Sakallı, “Development of Attitudes Toward Voluntary Childlessness Scale and Its Associations With Ambivalent Sexism in Turkey,” Journal of Family Issues, vol. 40, no. 17, pp. 2499–2527, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/37964.