Effect of fillers on thermal and mechanical properties of polyurethane elastomer

1998-05-16
Benli, S
Yilmazer, U
Pekel, F
Özkar, Saim
The effects of five different types of fillers on the thermal and mechanical properties of hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene-based polyurethane elastomers were explored to develop a filled polyurethane elastomeric Liner for rocket motors with hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene-based composite propellants. Two types of carbon black, silica, aluminum oxide, and zirconium(III)oxide were used as filler. Based on the improvement in the tensile properties and the erosion resistance achieved in the first part of the study, an ISAF-type carbon black was selected to be used as the main filler in combination with an additional filler, The second part involves the investigation of polyurethane elastomers containing a second filler in various amounts in addition to the ISAF-type carbon black used as the main filler. In addition to the thermal and mechanical properties, the processability of the uncured polyurethane mixtures were also explored by measuring the viscosity in this second part of the study. The studied fillers do not considerably change the thermal degradation temperatures and the thermal conductivity of the polyurethane elastomers with a filler content up to 16 wt %. The best improvement in the erosion resistance and tensile strength of the polyurethane elastomers with additional fillers is also achieved when filled with the ISAF-type carbon black, whereas the use of zirconium(III) oxide as additional filler provides almost no improvement in these properties. Viscosity of the uncured polyurethane mixtures increases with the increasing filler content and with the decreasing particle size of the filler. Aluminum oxide-filled elastomers seem to be the most suitable compositions having sufficiently high thermal and mechanical properties, together with the processability of uncured mixtures. (C) 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Suggestions

Effect of Solid State Grinding on Properties of PP/PET Blends and Their Composites with Carbon Nanotubes
Koysuren, Ozcan; Yesil, Sertan; Bayram, Göknur (Wiley, 2010-12-05)
In this study, it was aimed to improve electrical conductivity and mechanical properties of conductive polymer composites, composed of polypropylene (PP), poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), and carbon nanotubes (CNT). Grinding, a type of solid state processing technique, was applied to PP/PET and PP/PET/CNT systems to reduce average domain size of blend phases and to improve interfacial adhesion between these phases. Surface energy measurements showed that carbon nanotubes might be selectively localized at...
Effect of Microfiber Reinforcement on the Morphology, Electrical, and Mechanical Properties of the Polyethylene/Poly(ethylene terephthalate)/Carbon Nanotube Composites
Yesil, Sertan; Koysuren, Ozcan; Bayram, Göknur (Wiley, 2010-11-01)
In situ microfiber reinforced conductive polymer composites consisting of high-density polyethylene (HDPE), poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), and multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNT) were prepared in a twin screw extruder followed by hot stretching of PET/CNT phase in HDPE matrix. For comparison purposes, the HDPE/PET blends and HDPE/PET/CNT composites were also produced without hot stretching. Extrusion process parameters, hot-stretching speed, and CNT amount in the composites were kept constant during the ...
Preparation and characterization of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene and polyisoprene solvent-cast blend films
Akinay, AE; Tincer, T (Wiley, 1998-02-28)
This study covers the preparation of noncrosslinked and crosslinked solvent-cast blend films of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and polyisoprene rubber (PIR) and their mechanical, thermal, IR spectroscopic, and morphological characterizations. Solvent-cast films of polymer blends with 0, 10, 20, 35, 50, and 65% PIR composition were prepared by vigorous stirring from a hot decalin solution. The films were crosslinked chemically by using acetophenone as a crosslinking agent under UV radiation...
Effects of nucleating agent and processing conditions on the mechanical, thermal, and optical properties of biaxially oriented polypropylene films
Yuksekkalayci, C; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Orbey, N (Wiley, 1999-07-01)
The effects of nucleating agent, temperature of crystallization, and degree of machine direction (MD) orientation on the mechanical, optical, and thermal properties of biaxially oriented polypropylene (BOPP) films were investigated. Addition of nucleating agent improved only the initial tear resistance in the MD; however, the other mechanical and optical properties did not change appreciably. Ln the set of experiments in which the crystallization temperature was increased, the degree of crystallinity also i...
Effect of a carbon black surface treatment on the microwave properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/carbon black composites
Koysuren, Ozcan; Yesil, Sertan; Bayram, Göknur; Secmen, Mustafa; Aydın Çivi, Hatice Özlem (Wiley, 2008-07-05)
A surface treatment was applied to carbon black to improve the electrical and microwave properties of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)-based composites. Three different formamide solutions with 1, 2, and 3 wt % concentrations were prepared to modify the surface chemistry of carbon black. Microwave properties such as the absorption loss, return loss, insertion loss, and dielectric constant were measured in the frequency range of 812 GHz (X-band range). Composites containing formamide-treated carbon black e...
Citation Formats
S. Benli, U. Yilmazer, F. Pekel, and S. Özkar, “Effect of fillers on thermal and mechanical properties of polyurethane elastomer,” JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, pp. 1057–1065, 1998, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/38081.