Climate change impacts on lakes: an integrated ecological perspective based on a multi-faceted approach, with special focus on shallow lakes

Jeppesen, Erik
Meerhoff, Mariana
Davidson, Thomas A.
Trolle, Dennis
Sondergaard, Martin
Lauridsen, Torben L.
Beklioğlu, Meryem
Brucet, Sandra
Volta, Pietro
Gonzalez-Bergonzoni, Ivan
Nielsen, Anders
Freshwater ecosystems and their biodiversity are presently seriously threatened by global development and population growth, leading to increases in nutrient inputs and intensification of eutrophication-induced problems in receiving fresh waters, particularly in lakes. Climate change constitutes another threat exacerbating the symptoms of eutrophication and species migration and loss. Unequivocal evidence of climate change impacts is still highly fragmented despite the intensive research, in part due to the variety and uncertainty of climate models and underlying emission scenarios but also due to the different approaches applied to study its effects. We first describe the strengths and weaknesses of the multi-faceted approaches that are presently available for elucidating the effects of climate change in lakes, including space-for-time substitution, time series, experiments, palaeoecology and modelling. Reviewing combined results from studies based on the various approaches, we describe the likely effects of climate changes on biological communities, trophic dynamics and the ecological state of lakes. We further discuss potential mitigation and adaptation measures to counteract the effects of climate change on lakes and, finally, we highlight some of the future challenges that we face to improve our capacity for successful prediction.


Toward predicting climate change effects on lakes: a comparison of 1656 shallow lakes from Florida and Denmark reveals substantial differences in nutrient dynamics, metabolism, trophic structure, and top-down control
Jeppesen, Erik; Canfield, Daniel E.; Bachmann, Roger W.; Sondergaard, Martin; Havens, Karl E.; Johansson, Liselotte S.; Lauridsen, Torben L.; Tserenpil, Sh; Rutter, Robert P.; Warren, Gary; Ji, Gaohua; Hoyer, Mark (Informa UK Limited, 2020-04-01)
Rapid climate changes may potentially have strong impacts on the ecosystem structure and nutrient dynamics of lakes as well as implications for water quality. We used a space-for-time approach to elucidate such possible effects by comparing data from 1656 shallow lakes (mean depth 100 mu g L-1) in the FL lakes, but coverage was higher in the DK lakes at low TP. We also found lower oxygen saturation in the nutrient-rich FL lakes than in the DK lakes, suggesting lower net ecosystem production in the FL lakes....
Variation in growth, reproduction, and resource allocation in an aquatic plant,Vallisneria spinulosa: the influence of amplitude and frequency of water level fluctuations
Li, Lei; Ding, Mingming; Jeppesen, Erik (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2020-09-01)
Water level fluctuations (WLF), one of the most affected ecological drivers by climate change, are dominant forces controlling submerged macrophyte performance and distribution in freshwater ecosystems. Submerged macrophytes are prominent components of shallow lakes, predicting their response to WLF is therefore crucial for the management and conservation of these valuable and vulnerable ecosystems. We conducted an experiment in 15 outdoor mesocosms to explore the influence of WLF on the performance ofValli...
Decadal changes in zooplankton biomass, composition, and body mass in four shallow brackish lakes in Denmark subjected to varying degrees of eutrophication
He, Hu; Jeppesen, Erik; Bruhn, Dan; Yde, Morten; Hansen, Jacob Kjerulf; Spanggaard, Lasse; Madsen, Niels; Liu, Wei; Sondergaard, Martin; Lauridsen, Torben L. (Informa UK Limited, 2020-04-01)
During the past century, many brackish shallow lakes worldwide have become eutrophic. How the zooplankton have responded to this development is not well elucidated. Here, we analysed the decadal changes (from 1999-2000 to 2017-2018) in zooplankton biomass, body mass, and potential top-down control on phytoplankton during summer in 4 Danish shallow brackish lakes (Lund Fjord, Han Vejle, Selbjerg, and Glombak) subjected to varying degrees of eutrophication. Significant reductions of zooplankton biomass, body ...
Energy-based top-down and bottom-up relationships between fish community energy demand or production and phytoplankton across lakes at a continental scale
Bartrons, Mireia; Mehner, Thomas; Argillier, Christine; Beklioğlu, Meryem; Blabolil, Petr; Hesthagen, Trygve; Sweden, Kerstin Holmgren; Jeppesen, Erik; Krause, Teet; Podgornik, Samo; Volta, Pietro; Winfield, Ian J.; Brucet, Sandra (Wiley, 2020-04-01)
Fish community feeding and production rates may differ between lakes despite similar fish biomass levels because of differences in size structure and local temperature. Therefore, across-lake comparisons of the strength and direction of top-down and bottom-up fish-phytoplankton relationships should consider these factors. We used the metabolic theory of ecology to calculate size- and temperature-corrected community energy demand (CEDom) and community production (CP) of omnivorous fishes in 227 European lake...
Interaction between non-native predatory fishes and native galaxiids (Pisces: Galaxiidae) shapes food web structure in Tasmanian lakes
Vidal, Nicolas; Trochine, Carolina; Amsinck, Susanne L.; Barmuta, Leon A.; Christoffersen, Kirsten S.; Ventura, Marc; Buchaca, Teresa; Landkildehus, Frank; Hardie, Scott A.; Meerhoff, Mariana; Jeppesen, Erik (Informa UK Limited, 2020-04-01)
Non-native fish invasions threaten native fauna and ecosystem functioning, not least in isolated island lakes. In Tasmania, where the native fish are mostly galaxiids, 9 non-native freshwater fish species have been introduced over the past 150 years, with uncertain ecological outcomes. We evaluated the effects of non-native predatory fishes (NNPF) and various environmental and biological variables on the trophic niche of native fish (galaxiids) and potential cascading effects. We analysed Layman's food web ...
Citation Formats
E. Jeppesen et al., “Climate change impacts on lakes: an integrated ecological perspective based on a multi-faceted approach, with special focus on shallow lakes,” JOURNAL OF LIMNOLOGY, pp. 88–111, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: