The Psychometric Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Existential Loneliness Questionnaire

Gokdemir-Bulut, B. P.
Bozo Özen, Özlem
Loneliness is accepted as a universal concept but it is still controversial in terms of its source and nature. Existential loneliness, a primary and inevitable condition of human existence as the only certain thing is death, was described as intolerable emptiness, sadness, and longing due to the awareness of one's fundemental separtenes as a human being. The Existential Loneliness Questionnaire (ELQ) was particularly developed to assess existential loneliness. The objective of the current study was to examine psychometric reliability and validity of the ELQ in Turkish samples. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, two items were deleted, and the remaining 20 items formed the three factors of ELQ, loneliness in social ties, loneliness in close relationships, and finding meaning in life. Twenty-item Turkish ELQ appeared to be a reliable and valid measure of existential loneliness. The 3-factor structure of ELQ obtained through principle component analysis was also partially supported by multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) indicating that ELQ is an aggregate measure. Further research with a larger community sample is needed in order to demonstrate the generalizability of the current findings to other samples.


The role of gender, attachment dimensions, and family environment in loneliness
Demirli, Aylin; Demir, Ayhan Gürbüz; Department of Educational Sciences (2007)
The main purpose of the present study was to investigate predictive value of gender, attachment dimensions, and family environment in determining students’ loneliness level. For this purpose, firstly, the effect of gender, attachment types and family environment on loneliness level was investigated. The participants of the study were 473 (281 females and 192 males) students from different departments of Ankara University. Participants were administered UCLA Loneliness Scale, Family Environment Assessment Sc...
The Role of hand and tool-use in the evolution of human cognition
Yiğit, Duygu; Sol, Ayhan; Department of Philosophy (2016)
The hand is a defining element of the human kind which has been transformed during the evolutionary developments. The most important feature of the hand is the proficient tool-use. Two questions become central in the present work: has the dexterous hand changed the human mind and if so, in what ways?
Investigating the role of Facebook usage, life satisfaction, self-esteem and social support in predicting the loneliness of Turkish university student.
Çağ, Pınar; Barutçu Yıldırım, Kadriye Funda (null; 2013-09-11)
Loneliness affects feelings, behaviors, social and physiological aspects of people for a lifetime (Heinrich & Gullone, 2006). Loneliness is a significant indicator of mental health, can be defined as the feeling of not having a good social network (Peplau & Perlman, 1982). A number of studies have examined the issue of loneliness and its predictors for three decades (Cheng & Furnham, 2002: Frisen, 2007: Qalter, Brown, Rotenberg, Vanhalst, Harris, Goossens, & Bangee, 2013: Peplau & Perlman, 1982). Until rec...
Urban spaces re-defined in daily prectices : the case of "minibar", Ankara
Altay, Deniz; Sargın, Güven Arif; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2004)
This study, preconceives space as a social phenomenon, and emphasizes the fact that the urban space cannot be separated from its inhabitants. Accordingly, it suggests that the investigation of both the city and its inhabitants is crucial with respect to everyday life and practice. Hence, the study questions how inhabitants create their spaces following their needs and demands, and how the urban space is re-defined and re-produced through appropriation. Moreover, the study aims to understand how the inhabita...
Transformation of Perception of the Gecekondu Phenomenon
Akbulut, Mehmet Rıfat; Başlık , Seher (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 2011)
The aim of this paper is not to redefine the gecekondu phenomenon, nor to describe its historical development, but to discuss and explore the transformations it is socially perceived with through time. Academic approaches are generally reviewed in a more pronounced manner. Within the frame of this paper gecekondu phenomenon is conceived according to different time periods well-known in gecekondu studies; i.e. from the 1940s to 1970 as the ‘period of innocence and marginalisation’, the 1970s as period...
Citation Formats
B. P. Gokdemir-Bulut and Ö. Bozo Özen, “The Psychometric Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Existential Loneliness Questionnaire,” CURRENT PSYCHOLOGY, pp. 401–413, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: