Bioactive Surface Design Based on Functional Composite Electrospun Nanofibers for Biomolecule Immobilization and Biosensor Applications

Uzun, Sema Demirci
Kayaci, Fatma
UYAR, Tamer
Toppare, Levent Kamil
The combination of nanomaterials and conducting polymers attracted remarkable attention for development of new immobilization matrices for enzymes. Hereby, an efficient surface design was investigated by modifying the graphite rod electrode surfaces with one-step electrospun nylon 6,6 nanofibers or 4% (w/w) multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) incorporating nylon 6,6 nanofibers (nylon 6,6/4MWCNT). High-resolution transmission electron microscopy study confirmed the successful incorporation of the MWCNTs into the nanofiber matrix for nylon 6,6/4MWCNT sample. Then, these nanofibrous surfaces were coated with a conducting polymer, (poly-4-(4,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)benzaldehyde) (PBIBA) to obtain a high electroactive surface area as new functional immobilization matrices. Due to the free aldehyde groups of the polymeric structures, a model enzyme, glucose oxidase was efficiently immobilized to the modified surfaces via covalent binding. Scanning electron microscope images confirmed that the nanofibrous structures were protected after the electrodeposition step of PBIBA and a high amount of protein attachment was successfully achieved by the help of high surface to volume ratio of electroactive nanofiber matrices. The biosensors were characterized in terms of their operational and storage stabilities and kinetic parameters (K-m(app) and I-max). The resulting novel glucose biosensors revealed good stability and promising I-max (10.03 and 16.67 mu A for nylon 6,6/PBIBA and nylon 6,6/4MWCNT/PBIBA modified biosensors, respectively) and long shelf life (32 and 44 days for nylon 6,6/PBIBA and nylon 6,6/4MWCNT/PBIBA modified biosensors, respectively). Finally, the biosensor was tested on beverages for glucose detection.


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Two types of bacterial biosensor were constructed by immobilization of Gluconobacter oxydans and Pseudomonas fluorescens cells on graphite electrodes modified with the conducting polymer; poly(1-(4-nitrophenyl)-2,5-di(2-thienyl)-1 H-pyrrole) [SNS(NO2)]. The measurement was based on the respiratory activity of cells estimated by the oxygen consumption at -0.7 V due to the metabolic activity in the presence of substrate. As well as analytical characterization, the linear detection ranges, effects of electropo...
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Since conjugated polymers are an important class of materials with remarkable properties in biosensor applications, in this study, a novel glucose biosensor based on a conjugated polymer was fabricated via the electropolymerization of the monomer 10,13-bis(4-hexylthiophen-2-yl)dipyridol[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine onto a graphite electrode surface. Glucose oxidase (GOx) was used as the model biological recognition element. As a result of the enzymatic reaction between GOx and glucose, the glucose amount was det...
ARICA, MY; Hasırcı, Vasıf Nejat (1993-09-01)
Glucose oxidase was immobilized onto poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) membranes by covalent bonding through epichlorohydrin. The highest immobilization efficiency was found to be 17.4%. The K(m) values were 5.9 and 8.8 mm for free and bound enzymes, respectively, and the V(max) values were 0.071 and 0.067 mm/min for free and bound enzymes. When the medium was saturated with oxygen K(m) was not altered significantly but V(max) was. The optimum pHs for the free and bound enzyme were determined to be 5 and 6,...
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Pyrolysis mass spectrometric analysis of copolymer of polyacrylonitrile and polythiophene
Oğuz, Gülcan; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In the first part of this work, the structural and thermal characteristics of polyacrylonitrile, polyacrylonitrile films treated under the electrolysis conditions in the absence of thiophene, polythiophene and the mechanical mixture and a conducting copolymer of polyacrylonitrile/polythiophene have been studied by pyrolysis mass spectrometry technique. The thermal degradation of polyacrylonitrile occurs in three steps; evolution of HCN, monomer, low molecular weight oligomers due to random chain cleavages a...
Citation Formats
S. D. Uzun, F. Kayaci, T. UYAR, S. TİMUR, and L. K. Toppare, “Bioactive Surface Design Based on Functional Composite Electrospun Nanofibers for Biomolecule Immobilization and Biosensor Applications,” ACS APPLIED MATERIALS & INTERFACES, pp. 5235–5243, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: