Random walk particle-tracking method for modeling changes of sediment characteristics in marine sediments after drilling discharges

Adverse impacts of drilling discharges on marine benthic environments have been observed since the advent of offshore drilling operations for exploration and production of oil and gas. This study utilizes a marine sediment model based on a system of equations that has been developed earlier to assess environmental impacts of drilling waste discharges. Bioturbation, bio-degradation and natural burial processes are included in the model. The model is based on the diagenetic equations, providing vertical concentration profiles of dissolved oxygen, naturally deposited substances and discharged substances in the marine sediment as a basis for marine risk assessment. The governing equations are solved by a random walk particle-tracking method for each constituent evaluated explicitly in time. The developed model is enhanced with a kernel smoothing method to obtain smooth concentration profiles. Simulation results reveal that the method demonstrates stable behavior for different model parameters, providing a promising alternative to finite difference approaches.


Modelling phytoplankton succession on the Bering Sea shelf: role of climate influences and trophic interactions in generating Emiliania huxleyi blooms 1997-2000
Merico, A; Tyrrell, T; Lessard, EJ; Oguz, T; Stabeno, PJ; Zeeman, SI; Whitledge, TE (Elsevier BV, 2004-12-01)
Several years of continuous physical and biological anomalies have been affecting the Bering Sea shelf ecosystem starting from 1997. Such anomalies reached their peak in a striking visual phenomenon: the first appearance in the area of bright waters caused by massive blooms of the coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (E huxleyi). This study is intended to provide an insight into the mechanisms of phytoplankton succession in the south-eastern part of the shelf during such years and addresses the causes of E. hu...
Parameterization of iron and manganese cycling in the Black Sea suboxic and anoxic environment
Konovalov, S; Samodurov, A; Oguz, T; Ivanov, L (Elsevier BV, 2004-12-01)
New and published data on the distribution and speciation of manganese and iron in seawater are analyzed to identify and parameterize major biogeochemical processes of their cycling within the suboxic (similar to15.6less than or equal tosigma(t)less than or equal tosimilar to16.2) and anoxic layers (sigma(t)less than or equal tosimilar to16.2) of the Black Sea. A steady-state transport-reaction model is applied to reveal layering and parameterize kinetics of redox and dissolution/precipitation processes. Pr...
Energy-based top-down and bottom-up relationships between fish community energy demand or production and phytoplankton across lakes at a continental scale
Bartrons, Mireia; Mehner, Thomas; Argillier, Christine; Beklioğlu, Meryem; Blabolil, Petr; Hesthagen, Trygve; Sweden, Kerstin Holmgren; Jeppesen, Erik; Krause, Teet; Podgornik, Samo; Volta, Pietro; Winfield, Ian J.; Brucet, Sandra (Wiley, 2020-04-01)
Fish community feeding and production rates may differ between lakes despite similar fish biomass levels because of differences in size structure and local temperature. Therefore, across-lake comparisons of the strength and direction of top-down and bottom-up fish-phytoplankton relationships should consider these factors. We used the metabolic theory of ecology to calculate size- and temperature-corrected community energy demand (CEDom) and community production (CP) of omnivorous fishes in 227 European lake...
Dynamic modeling of environmental risk associated with drilling discharges to marine sediments
Durgut, İsmail; Reed, Mark; Smit, Mathijs G.D.; Ditlevsen, May Kristin (Elsevier BV, 2015-10)
Drilling discharges are complex mixtures of base-fluids, chemicals and particulates, and may, after discharge to the marine environment, result in adverse effects on benthic communities. A numerical model was developed to estimate the fate of drilling discharges in the marine environment, and associated environmental risks. Environmental risk from deposited drilling waste in marine sediments is generally caused by four types of stressors: oxygen depletion, toxicity, burial and change of grain size. In order...
Transport of metals leaching from land-disposed oil field wastes
Ünlü, Kahraman (SAGE Publications, 1998-12-01)
The potential for groundwater contamination by metals leaching from land-disposed oil field exploration and production (E&P) wastes is an environmental concern. In this study a geochemical transport model is adopted to consider multispecies metal migration. Objectives are to characterize the chemical composition of E&P wastes, to evaluate the mobility and pollution potential of metals in E&P wastes and to investigate the utility of simplified modelling approaches. A chemical transport model coupling a hydro...
Citation Formats
R. T. Özdemir and İ. Durgut, “Random walk particle-tracking method for modeling changes of sediment characteristics in marine sediments after drilling discharges,” MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN, pp. 224–238, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/40029.