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Structural and temperature-tuned optical characteristics of Bi12GeO20 sillenite crystals

Delice, S.
Isik, M.
Hasanlı, Nızamı
Darvishov, N.H.
Bagiev, V.E.
Sillenite compounds exhibit unique photorefractive and electro-optic characteristics providing attractiveness to these materials in various optoelectronic applications. The present paper aims at investigating one of the members of this family. Structural and optical characteristics of Bi12GeO20 (BGO) were studied by means of x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and temperature-dependent transmittance measurements. Obtained transmission curves in the wavelength range of 350−1100 nm and at different applied temperatures between 10 and 300 K were employed to find out the absorption coefficient dependence on the photon energy. Tauc relation revealed the presence of an energy gap of 2.49 eV at room temperature. Extension of energy gap up to 2.57 eV due to decreased temperature down to 10 K was deduced by the analysis. In order to have reliable results, the energy gap value was corroborated by utilizing derivative spectral method and well consistency between both methods was indicated. Energy gap change with temperature was also discussed in the study using an empirical formula developed by Varshni. Energy gap at absolute zero and rate of band gap alteration with temperature were determined as 2.57 eV and −2.4 × 10−4 eV K − 1, respectively. Taking into account the previously reported studies on investigation of band gap characteristics of BGO, intrinsic defect could be responsible for the revealed energy value of 2.49 eV which is much lower than reported band gap energy of ~3.2 eV.