Examination of the dielectrophoretic spectra of MCF7 breast cancer cells and leukocytes

Çağlayan, Zeynep
Demircan Yalçın, Yağmur
Külah, Haluk
The detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in blood is crucial to assess metastatic progression and to guide therapy. Dielectrophoresis (DEP) is a powerful cell surface marker-free method that allows intrinsic dielectric properties of suspended cells to be exploited for CTC enrichment/isolation from blood. Design of a successful DEP-based CTC enrichment/isolation system requires that the DEP response of the targeted particles should accurately be known. This paper presents a DEP spectrum method to investigate the DEP spectra of cells without directly analyzing their membrane and cytoplasmic properties in contrast to the methods in literature, which employ theoretical assumptions and complex modeling. Integrating electric field simulations based on DEP theory with the experimental data enables determination of the DEP spectra of leukocyte subpopulations, polymorphonuclear and mononuclear leukocytes, and MCF7 breast cancer cells as a model of CTC due to their metastatic origin over the frequency range 100 kHz-50 MHz at 10 V-pp. In agreement with earlier findings, differential DEP responses were detected for mononuclear and polymorphonuclear leukocytes due to the richness of the cell surface features and morphologies of the different leukocyte types. The data reveal that the strength of the DEP force exerted on MCF7 cells was particularly high between 850 kHz and 20 MHz. These results illustrate that the proposed technique has the potential to provide a generic platform to identify DEP responses of different biological particles.


The serum immunoglobulin G glycosylation signature of gastric cancer
Ruhaak, L. Renee; Barkauskas, Donald A.; Torres, Javier; Cooke, Cara L.; Wu, Lauren D.; Stroble, Carol; Özcan Kabasakal, Süreyya; Williams, Cynthia C.; Camorlinga, Margarita; Rocke, David M.; Lebrilla, Carlito B.; Solnick, Jay V. (Elsevier BV, 2015-03-01)
Biomarkers may facilitate detection of gastric cancer at an earlier stage and reduce mortality. Here we sought to determine if the glycosylation profile of serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) could distinguish patients with non-atrophic gastritis (NAG), duodenal ulcer (DU) and gastric cancer (GC). Serum IgG was released and analyzed using nano-LC–TOF mass spectrometry. Statistically significant false discovery rate (FDR)-adjusted p-values were observed for 18 glycans, eight that differed significantly between NAG ...
Water soluble perylenediimide(pdi) dyes as potential sensitizers for photodynamic therapy
Yükrük, Funda; Akkaya, Engin Umut; Department of Biochemistry (2004)
Photodynamic therapy has been established as one of the approaches for the treatment of various malignant tumors. While most of the reagents used for this purpose are porphyrin derivatives, there is a strong motivation for finding novel and better sensitizers. Perylenediimides are known for their photo- and chemical stability, but they do not have absorptions in the red end of the visible spectrum. However, recently reported green perylenediimides which have dialkylamino substituents on the perylene core, p...
Characterization of Novel O-Glycans Isolated from Tear and Saliva of Ocular Rosacea Patients
Özcan Kabasakal, Süreyya; Vieira, Ana C.; Park, Gun Wook; Kim, Jae Han; Mannis, Mark J.; Lebrilla, Carlito B. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013-03-01)
O-Glycans in saliva and tear isolated from patients suffering from ocular rosacea, a form of inflammatory ocular surface disease, were profiled, and their structures were elucidated using high resolution mass spectrometry. We have previously shown that certain structures, particularly sulfated oligosaccharides, increased in the tear and saliva of rosacea patients In this study, the structures of these glycans were elucidated using primarily tandem mass spectrometry. There were important similarities in the ...
Isolation and immunological characterization of theta class glutathione-s-transferase gstt2-2 from bovine liver
İşgör, Sultan Belgin; Çoruh, Nursen; Department of Biochemistry (2004)
The glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) (EC. are enzymes that participate in cellular detoxification of endogenous as well as foreign electrophilic compounds, function in the cellular detoxification systems and are evolved to protect cells against reactive oxygen metabolites by conjugating the reactive molecules to the nucleophile scavenging tripeptide glutathione (GSH, ?-glu-cys-gly). The GSTs are found in all eukaryotes and prokaryotic systems, in the cytoplasm, on the microsomes, and in the mitoch...
Enzyme-catalyzed reductive activation of anticancer drugs ıdarubicin and mitomycin c
Çelik, Haydar; Arınç, Emel; Department of Biochemistry (2008)
Idarubicin (IDA) and mitomycin C (MC) are clinically effective quinone-containing anticancer agents used in the treatment of several human cancers. Quinone-containing anticancer drugs have the potential to undergo bioreduction by oxidoreductases to reactive species, and thereby exert their cytotoxic effects. In the present study, we investigated, for the first time, the potential of IDA, in comparison to MC, to undergo reductive activation by NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase (P450R), NADH-cytochrome b5 reduc...
Citation Formats
Z. Çağlayan, Y. Demircan Yalçın, and H. Külah, “Examination of the dielectrophoretic spectra of MCF7 breast cancer cells and leukocytes,” Electrophoresis, pp. 345–352, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/40635.