Efficiency of Seismic Isolation for Seismic Retrofitting of Heavy Substructured Bridges

Dicleli, Murat
Constantinou, Michael C.
In this paper, the efficiency of seismic isolation for seismic retrofitting of bridges with light superstructures and heavy substructures in the state of Illinois is studied. For this purpose, a representative bridge was selected by Illinois Department of Transportation. A detailed structural model of the bridge capable of simulating the nonlinear behavior of its components and soil-bridge interaction effects was first constructed. Iterative multimode response spectrum analysis (IMMRSA) of the bridge were conducted to assess its seismic vulnerability. The results from IMMRSA were also verified with nonlinear time history analyses. It was found that the bearings and substructures of the bridge need to be retrofitted. A conventional retrofitting technique was then adopted for the bridge and the cost of retrofit was estimated. Next, the existing bearings were replaced with seismic isolation bearings (SIB) and the seismic analysis was repeated. It was found that SIB effectively mitigated the seismic forces and eliminated the need for retrofitting of the substructures. The cost of retrofitting using SIB was then calculated and found to be only 30% of the conventional retrofitting cost.


Seismic design of lifeline bridge using hybrid seismic isolation
Dicleli, Murat (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2002-03-01)
This paper presents the merits of a hybrid seismic isolation system used for the seismic design of a major bridge. The bridge is analyzed for two different arrangements of seismic isolation systems. The first arrangement consists of friction pendulum bearings at all substructure locations; the other incorporates a hybrid system where laminated elastomeric bearings are used at the abutments and friction pendulum bearings at the piers. Analysis results have demonstrated that the hybrid seismic isolation syste...
Comparative Study on the Effect of Number of Girders on Live Load Distribution in Integral Abutment and Simply Supported Bridge Girders
Yalcin, O. Fatih; Dicleli, Murat (SAGE Publications, 2013-06-01)
In this study, the effect of the number of prestressed concrete girders on the distribution of live load effects among the girders of integral abutment bridges (IABs) and simply supported bridges (SSBs) is investigated. For this purpose, two and three dimensional finite element models (FEMs) of several single-span IABs and SSBs are built and analyzed. In the analyses, bridges with various superstructure properties, such as span length, girder type and size, slab thickness are considered. The finite element ...
Live Load Distribution Formulas for Single-Span Prestressed Concrete Integral Abutment Bridge Girders
Dicleli, Murat (American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2009-11-01)
In this study, live load distribution formulas for the girders of single-span integral abutment bridges (IABs) are developed. For this purpose, two and three dimensional finite-element models (FEMs) of several IABs are built and analyzed. In the analyses, the effects of various superstructure properties such as span length, number of design lanes, prestressed concrete girder size, and spacing as well as slab thickness are considered. The results from the analyses of two and three dimensional FEMs are then u...
Importance of Degrading Behavior for Seismic Performance Evaluation of Simple Structural Systems
Erberik, Murat Altuğ (Informa UK Limited, 2011-01-01)
This study focuses on effect of degradation characteristics on seismic performance of simple structural systems. Equivalent single degree of freedom systems are used for which the structural characteristics are taken from existing reinforced concrete (RC) frame buildings. Simulation of degrading behavior is achieved by considering actual experimental data. To obtain the seismic response of degrading structural systems, two different approaches are used: inelastic spectral analysis and fragility analysis. Ac...
Analytical prediction of thermal displacement capacity of integral bridges built on sand
Dicleli, Murat (SAGE Publications, 2005-02-01)
In this research, analytical equations are developed to calculate the lateral displacement capacity and maximum length limits of integral bridges built on sand based on the low-cycle fatigue performance of the piles under cyclic thermal variations and the ultimate strength of the abutment under positive thermal variations. To formulate the displacement capacity and maximum length limits of integral bridges based on the low cycle fatigue performance of steel H-piles under cyclic thermal variations, first, H-...
Citation Formats
M. Dicleli and M. C. Constantinou, “Efficiency of Seismic Isolation for Seismic Retrofitting of Heavy Substructured Bridges,” JOURNAL OF BRIDGE ENGINEERING, pp. 429–441, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/40895.