Comparison of Wax Appearance Temperatures of Crude Oils by Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermomicroscopy and Viscometry

This paper presents the results of an experimental study of the determination of wax appearance temperatures (WAT) of 15 crude oils by differential scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.), thermomicroscopy and viscometry. Good agreement is obtained among the three techniques for crude oils having a significant precipitation rate. Considering the great diversity of crude oils, it is concluded that d.s.c. and thermomicroscopy should be used together for a better understanding of the determination of WAT of crude oils.


Pyrolysis analysis and kinetics of crude oils
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (1998-01-01)
This research presents the results of an experimental study on the determination of pyrolysis behaviour and kinetics of six crude oils by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetry (TG/DTG). Crude oil pyrolysis indicated two main temperature ranges where loss of mass was observed. The first region between ambient to 400 degrees C was distillation. The second region between 400 and 600 degrees C was visbreaking and thermal cracking. Arrhenius-type kinetic model is used to determine the kine...
Comparative methods in the determination of wax content and pour points of crude oils
Kök, Mustafa Verşan; Claudy, P. (2007-12-01)
In this research, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and gas chromatography is used to determine the wax content of fourteen crude oils of different sources. Different empirical equations were applied to compare the wax content of crude oils. For the fourteen crude oil samples with the wax content ranging from 7.5 to 43.8 mass%, it was observed that the results of empirical equations were in good agreement with those determined by DSC and GC. Accordingly, a correlation between ASTM pour point and the t...
Comparison of the deep drawability of aluminum and steel using numerical simulation experiments
Sonmez, C; Tekkaya, AE; Gür, Cemil Hakan (2005-08-19)
Sheet metal forming processes, especially deep drawing processes give diverse results by various materials. Extreme differences occur between steel sheets and aluminum sheets. The main causes of these differences are variances in micro- and macroscopic material properties, such as anisotropy. In this study, the behavior of two distinct materials, steel and aluminum alloy, during an axisymmetrical cup drawing operation has been studied numerically. For this purpose, finite element (FE) simulations of a simpl...
Investigation of radiative heat transfer in freeboard of a 0.3 MWt AFBC test rig
Kozan, M; Selçuk, Nevin (2000-01-01)
Based on the analysis of measured data on flow rates, concentrations and temperatures taken during steady state operation of a lignite-fired 0.3 MWt Atmospheric Fluidized Bed Combustor (AFBC) test rig, radiative exchange in freeboard of the combustor was modeled by using a well-stirred enclosure model in conjunction with Radiosity-Irradiation Method (RIM). Radiative properties of the particle laden combustion gases were calculated by assuming grey radiation behaviour for both particles and gas, and using Le...
Comparison of Temperature Profile and Heat Transfer Predictions With Statistically Modeled Data From a Cooled 1 1 2 Stage High Pressure Transonic Turbine
Kahveci, Harika Senem (2013-06-03)
This paper compares predictions from a 3-D Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes code and a statistical representation of measurements from a cooled 1-1/2 stage high-pressure transonic turbine to quantify predictive process sensitivity. A multivariable regression technique was applied to both the inlet temperature measurements obtained at the inlet rake, and the wall temperature and heat transfer measurements obtained via heat-flux gauges on the blade airfoil surfaces. By using the statistically-modeled temperatu...
Citation Formats
M. V. Kök, “Comparison of Wax Appearance Temperatures of Crude Oils by Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermomicroscopy and Viscometry,” Fuel, pp. 0–0, 1996, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: