Pollen morphology of the genus Salvia L. (Lamiaceae) in Turkey

Kahraman, Ahmet
Doğan, Musa
Celep, Ferhat
Baser, Birol
Yavru, Ahter
Bagherpour, Safi
Pollen grains of 30 taxa of the genus Salvia, belonging to sections Salvia, Horminum, Drymosphace, Plethiosphace and Hemisphace from Turkey were examined by light (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Detailed pollen morphological characteristics are provided for these taxa. Among the studied taxa, S. verticillata subsp. verticillata from sect. Hemisphace has the smallest pollen grains, and S. pachystachys from sect. Salvia possesses the largest ones. The basic shape of the pollen grains in most taxa is suboblate, oblate-spheroidal or prolate-spheroidal. However subprolate pollen grains are recorded for S. macrochlamys from sect. Salvia. The grains are hexacolpate in all taxa, but in S. recognita from sect. Salvia also octacolpate pollen was found. Three distinct exine sculpturing types exist, reticulate-perforate (the common type), reticulate-granulate and bireticulate. The reticulate-perforate and bireticulate sculpturing patterns can be divided into subtypes based on the number of perforations and the number of secondary lumina in each primary lumen. Pollen morphological characteristics of the taxa studied are compared and discussed on the basis of taxonomical concepts. In some cases, these characters are useful in distinguishing the sections. For instance, the presence of 1-2 large central secondary lumina per primary lumen is a significant character of sect. Horminum separating it from the other sections. As well, the presence of holes on colpus membrane ornamentation can be used as a diagnostic taxonomic character for sectional division between sect. Hemisphace and others. S. ballsiana from sect. Salvia is clearly distinct from the other taxa examined by its unique pollen morphology. Further, for several macromorphologically similar taxa pollen structures provide additional evidence to delimite them from each other. (C) 2010 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.


Pollen morphology of Hymenosphace and Aethiopis sections of the genus Salvia (Lamiaceae) in Turkey
ÖZLER, HÜLYA; PEHLİVAN, SEVİL; Celep, Ferhat; Doğan, Musa; KAHRAMAN, AHMET; Fisne, Ahter Yavru; BAŞER, BİROL; Bagherpour, Safi (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey, 2013-01-01)
Palynological characteristics of 30 Salvia taxa in sections Hymenosphace and Aethiopis from Turkey were investigated by light and scanning electron microscopy. S. aethiopis (sect. Aethiopis) has the smallest pollen while S. blepharochlaena (sect. Hymenosphace) has the largest pollen. The basic shape of the pollen grains in most taxa is suboblate, oblate-spheroidal, or prolate-spheroidal to spheroidal; however, subprolate pollen grains are occasionally are found in S. cassia of sect. Aethiopis. Hexacolpate p...
Pollen morphology of some taxa of Vicia L. subgenus Vicilla (Schur) Rouy (Fabaceae) from Turkey
Binzat, Okan Kaan; KAHRAMAN, AHMET; Doğan, Musa (2014-10-01)
The pollen morphology of the ten taxa belonging to Cassubicae Radzhi, Cracca Dumort., Ervilia (Link) Koch, Lentopsis Kupicha, Trigonellopsis Rech. f. and Variegatae Radzhi sections of the genus Vicia L. subgenus Vicilla (Schur) Rouy (Fabeae, Fabaceae) in Turkey has been examined by use of light microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Twelve morphometric characters are analysed with one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's honestly significant difference test for multiple comparisons. Polar axis and equ...
Pericarp ultrastructure of Salvia section Hemisphace (Mentheae, Nepetoideae, Lamiaceae)
The genus Salvia L. (sage), which belongs to the tribe Mentheae of the subfamily Nepetoideae within the family Lamiaceae, is well-known for its medicinal, ornamental, culinary and hallucinogenic uses. The section Hemisphace Benth. of this genus is respresented in Turkey by three species. The present study is conducted on two morphologically similar Salvia species belonging to this section: Salvia napifolia Jacq. and S. russellii Benth. (excluding S. verticillata L.). For this purpose, the pericarp ultrastru...
Contribution to the knowledge of the pollen morphology of the genus Salvia (Lamiaceae)
ÖZLER, HÜLYA; KAHRAMAN, AHMET; PEHLİVAN, SEVİL; Doğan, Musa; BAŞER, BİROL; FİŞNE, AHTER; Bagherpour, Safi (Magnolia Press, 2020-01-14)
The pollen grains of 19 Turkish Salvia species in Aethiopis, Drymosphace, Hemisphace, Hymenosphace and Salvia sections, 13 of which are endemic to Turkey, were investigated, documented and illustrated through Light Microscopy (LM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). This study provides pollen data of 14 species for the first time. The pollen grains of the species examined are monads, isopolar, radially symmetrical and hexacolpate, mostly medium in size, slightly elliptic to more or less circular in pola...
Ozler, Hulya; Cabi, Evren; Us, Ebru; Doğan, Musa; Pehlivan, Sevil (2009-06-01)
Pollen morphology of Agropyron cristatum (L.) Gaertner. s.s. (subsp. incanum (Nabelek) Melderis and subsp. pectinatum (M. Bieb.) Tzvelev, latter including var. pectinatum and var. imbricatum (Roemer & Schultes) G. Beck) in Turkey has been studied by using light microscope and scanning electron microscope. The above-mentioned taxa are homogenous in both aperture type and exine ornamentation. Pollen grains are monoporate (rarely diporate in the case of var. imbricatum) having scabrate grouped exine surface. T...
Citation Formats
H. ÖZLER et al., “Pollen morphology of the genus Salvia L. (Lamiaceae) in Turkey,” FLORA, pp. 316–327, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/41262.