Conducting and transparent single-wall carbon nanotube electrodes for polymer-fullerene solar cells

Pasquier, AD
Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah
Kanwal, A
Miller, S
Chhowalla, M
We describe the use of single-wall carbon nanotube (SWNT) thin films as transparent and conducting electrodes for hole collection in poly(hexyl)thiophene-[6-6]phenyl-C-61-butyric acid methyl ester (P3HT-PCBM) organic photovoltaics. We report a power conversion efficiency of 1%, with a fill factor of 0.3 and a short-circuit current of 6.5 mA/cm(2) under 100 mW/cm(2) polychromatic white light illumination measured in air. These values are comparatively higher than reference cells of similar thickness made on indium tin oxide (ITO) glass substrates. This is attributed to the three-dimensional nature of the interface between the SWNTs and the P3HT-PCBM nanocomposite. Our results indicate that solution processed SWNT thin films are a viable alternative to ITO for photovoltaic devices, eliminating an expensive vacuum deposition step in the fabrication of organic solar cells. (C) 2005 American Institute of Physics.


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Li, C.; Zhang, Y.; Mann, M.; Hiralal, P.; Ünalan, Hüsnü Emrah; Lei, W.; Wang, B. P.; Chu, D. P.; Pribat, D.; Amaratunga, G. A. J.; Milne, W. I. (AIP Publishing, 2010-04-05)
A structure composed of zinc oxide nanowires (ZNWs) grown hydrothermally on an array of vertically aligned carbon nanofibers (CNFs) was fabricated and its field emission properties determined and compared with bare CNF arrays. The combination produced a macroscopic turn-on field of 1.2 V/mu m which was found to be the lowest reported from ZNWs deposited on a two-dimensional substrate and much less than the equivalent CNFs array (5.2 V/mu m). Crucially, field emission was found to be much more stable at high...
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Optoelectronic characterization of transparent and conducting single-wall carbon nanotube thin films is reported. By eliminating the influence of voids and bundle-bundle interactions within the effective medium theory, we show that the complex dielectric response of the individual nanotube varies with its density in the film. Specifically, the absorption peak assigned to the maximum intensity of pi-pi(*) transitions was found to decrease from E-pi=5.0 eV at low nanotube density to E-pi=4.2 eV at intermediat...
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Highly transparent zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowire networks have been used as the active material in thin film transistors (TFTs) and complementary inverter devices. A systematic study on a range of networks of variable density and TFT channel length was performed. ZnO nanowire networks provide a less lithographically intense alternative to individual nanowire devices, are always semiconducting, and yield significantly higher mobilites than those achieved from currently used amorphous Si and organic TFTs. These r...
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We study the Schwinger effect, in which the external field having a spatiotemporal profile creates electron-positron pairs via multidimensional quantum tunneling. Our treatment is based on the trace formula for the QED effective action, whose imaginary part is represented by a sum over complex worldline solutions. The worldlines are multiperiodic, and the periods of motion collectively depend on the strength of spatial and temporal inhomogeneity. We argue that the classical action that leads to the correct ...
Citation Formats
A. Pasquier, H. E. Ünalan, A. Kanwal, S. Miller, and M. Chhowalla, “Conducting and transparent single-wall carbon nanotube electrodes for polymer-fullerene solar cells,” APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, pp. 0–0, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: