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Developing the Impulsive Driver Behavior Scale

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The aim of the present study is to develop a driving context specific impulsivity scale. First, a qualitative study was conducted by interviewing 20 individual drivers to develop the scale items based on the definitions of the basic impulsivity dimensions in the literature. Then, a quantitative study with a total of 506 individual drivers to examine the psychometric qualities of the newly developed Impulsive Driver Behavior Scale. In addition, the variance in driver behaviors, namely violations, errors, lapses and positive driver behaviors measured by the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ; Reason, Manstead, Stradling, Baxter, & Campbell, 1990) explained by the general impulsivity scales in the literature and the newly developed scale were compared. In all the comparisons, Impulsive Driver Behavior Scale explained higher amount of variance than the general impulsivity scales. Finally, it was found that the newly developed driving context specific impulsivity scale had incremental validity over the general impulsivity scales in predicting driver behaviors. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.