Exploring middle school students’ systems literacy within the context of water system

Demirci, Sinem
The purposes of this study are determined as to (1) provide a conceptual model for the description of ‘systems literacy’; (2) propose an alternative framework for the elements of systems literacy in water system context; (3) explore possible factors that might interfere with systems literacy in water system context; and (4) determine readiness of children completing middle school degree in terms of systems literacy in water system context. A research cycle was designed including both conceptual research and empirical research. In conceptual research, philosophical conceptualization and conceptual systems were used as research methodology. To test the model and acquire in-depth information, multiple case study was selected. Accordingly, four 9th grade students were participated in the study. Data was collected through four-tiered conception test, two drawing tasks and semi-structure interviews. Based on the outputs of conceptual research, an alternative definition for systems literacy and systems literacy in water system context were provided. On the other hand, the analysis of empirical research indicated that 9th grade students in this study failed to develop an adequate level of critical systems literacy (CRSL) due to having limited understanding either in functional (FSL) or cultural systems literacy (CUSL). While their CRSL were interacted with their FSL and CUSL, it also obscured by their alternative conceptions and in-situ answers. Possible factors interfered with three elements of systems literacy in water context were determined as gender, daily life experiences, socioeconomic status, residence area, cognitive differences, and parental interaction. To conclude, it is suggested that students’ readiness of systems literacy should be determined before revising current elementary science education and education for sustainability curricula.


Investigating middle school students’ achievement and strategies in proportional reasoning problems
Yılmaz, Gamze Öze; Akyüz, Didem; Department of Elementary Science and Mathematics Education (2019)
The aims of the study are to specify the academic achievement of the fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth grade students in proportional reasoning problems, to determine how the academic achievement of these students change according to problem types, to examine their solution strategies in these problems, and to reveal how these strategies diversify from fifth to eighth grade. To collect data in order to achieve these aims, a proportional reasoning test were prepared. The study was designed as a mixed study. I...
Investigation of estimation ability of high school students
Boz, Burçak; Bulut, Safure; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2004)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the high school students' ability on estimation and computational estimation. The study was conducted in Denizli with 153 ninth grade students who enrolled to general, Anatolian and foreign language high schools. The Estimation Ability Test was utilized. The three formats which are number format, answer format and problem format of the test were analyzedby with respect to school types and gender. The design of the present research was one group pretest-posttest d...
Developing the Impulsive Driver Behavior Scale
BIÇAKSIZ, Pinar; Özkan, Türker (2016-11-01)
The aim of the present study is to develop a driving context specific impulsivity scale. First, a qualitative study was conducted by interviewing 20 individual drivers to develop the scale items based on the definitions of the basic impulsivity dimensions in the literature. Then, a quantitative study with a total of 506 individual drivers to examine the psychometric qualities of the newly developed Impulsive Driver Behavior Scale. In addition, the variance in driver behaviors, namely violations, errors, lap...
Analysis of pre-service science teachers’ systems thinking skills in the context of carbon cycle
Turan, Deniz; Öztekin, Ceren; Department of Elementary Science and Mathematics Education (2019)
The main purpose of this study is to analyze pre-service science teachers’ systems thinking skills in the context of carbon cycle. The eight systems thinking skills that is previously defined by Ben-Zvi Assaraf and Orion (2005) were used to investigate the participants’ systems thinking skills concerning the carbon cycle. Data was collected from four senior-year pre-service science teachers from elementary science education department of a state university. The data obtained through word association test, c...
An investigation of prospective middle school mathematics teachers' argumentation, proof, and geometric construction processes in the context of cognitive unity
Demiray, Esr; Işıksal Bostan, Mine; Department of Elementary Education (2019)
The first purpose of this study is to investigate how prospective middle school mathematics teachers’ argumentation process while producing conjectures in the cognitive unity based activities relates to the proving process of conjectures they produced. The second purpose is to examine the global argumentation structures emerged while producing conjectures, the components of argumentation, and the functions of the rebuttal component. The third purpose is to investigate the approaches offered to perform geome...
Citation Formats
S. Demirci, “Exploring middle school students’ systems literacy within the context of water system,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2021.