Attachment Orientations: Predicting Psychological Distress in German and Turkish Samples

Turan, Numan
KOCALEVENT, Ruya-Daniela
Quintana, Stephen M.
Erdur Baker, Özgür
Diestelmann, Jacob
This study examined the relationship between attachment orientations and psychological distress, as well as cultural moderation in this relationship, among 241 university students from Germany and Turkey. Attachment orientations predicted the elevation of psychological distress in both samples. Attachment anxiety in the German sample and attachment avoidance in the Turkish sample showed stronger association with the elevation in psychological distress. The results and potential implications for counseling research and practice are discussed.


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Citation Formats
N. Turan, R.-D. KOCALEVENT, S. M. Quintana, Ö. Erdur Baker, and J. Diestelmann, “Attachment Orientations: Predicting Psychological Distress in German and Turkish Samples,” JOURNAL OF COUNSELING AND DEVELOPMENT, pp. 91–102, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: