Traffic safety climate attitudes of road users in Germany

Özkan, Türker
This paper validates traffic safety climate attitudes based on a representative sample of road users of all travel modes. We use the German version of the Traffic Climate Scale (TCS) which was applied in a large-scale road safety survey in 2010. A total of 1680 people were surveyed. The sample is representative for socio-demographic characteristics and travel mode choice in Germany. Factor analysis reveals a three-factor structure of traffic safety climate with the factor 'External affective demands' describing emotional engagement in traffic, the factor 'Internal requirements' representing individual skills and abilities to successfully participate in traffic, and the factor 'Functionality' describing requirements for a functional traffic system. The less emotionally demanding and the more functional traffic is perceived to be, the safer people feel in traffic. External affective demands are consistently related to the perception of others' driving/riding style but not to one's own, whereas internal requirements are consistently related to one's own driving/riding style but not to the perception of others. There is no relation between traffic safety climate and accidents or near accidents. Contrary to our expectations, a positive traffic safety climate is associated with more secondary tasks while driving and traffic violations. Behavioural control beliefs may mediate the traffic climate traffic behaviour relationship. The results are discussed with reference to attitude research and the theory of planned behaviour in particular.


Traffic Safety Cultures and the Safe Systems Approach – Towards a Cultural Change Research and Innovation Agenda for Road Safety (TraSaCu)
Özkan, Türker(2018-2-28)
Traffic Safety Culture (TraSaCu) aims at developing a cultural approach in road traffic safety research and accident prevention. Traditional approaches to traffic safety shall be complemented by a cultural perspective which has emerged recently in safety research and prevention. Safety culture has been identified as an important factor of road safety as it helps understanding and explaining the typical patterns of risk perception and risk taking that prevail in different national, regional or local traffic ...
Traffic climate, driver behaviour, and accidents involvement in China
Chu, Wenhui; Wu, Chaozhong; Atombo, Charles; Zhang, Hui; Özkan, Türker (2019-01-01)
Traffic Climate Scale (TCS) and Positive Driver Behaviours Scale (PDBS) are new measurement tools. The study aims to translate the TCS and PDBS into Chinese and to assess their factor structures in a large sample of licensed motor vehicle drivers in China. A further aim is to investigate the effects of TCS factors on drivers' behaviours and traffic accidents involvement. Data were collected using an online survey. Participants were 887 fully licensed motor vehicle drivers, including 531 males and 356 female...
Traffic climate scale: Comparing samples from Turkey and Sweden
Wallén Warner, Henriette; Öztürk, İbrahim; Özkan, Türker (2021-01-01)
Traffic climate is a recent and one of the essential topics in traffic and transportation research. Various studies have examined the relations of traffic climate with driving outcomes such as accidents by using different versions of the Traffic Climate Scale (TCS). In a recent attempt, 16-items and 38-items versions of the TCS were examined in different countries. With respect to that, the present study aims to investigate the psychometric properties of 16-items and 38-items versions in samples from Turkey...
Analysis of comprehension of traffic signs: a pilot study in Ankara, Turkey
Kırmızıoğlu, Erkut; Tüydeş Yaman, Hediye; Department of Civil Engineering (2010)
Traffic signs, which are extremely important for traffic safety, aims to regulate traffic by providing information about the characteristics of road and road environment for drivers. The success of traffic signs mainly rely on the easy comprehensibility of its meaning in a short time. Further more, today’s global economies and transportation systems emphasize the need for more universial traffic signs which was the main motivation of two main treaties on traffic signs; Vienna Convetion in 1968 and European ...
Traffic climate and driver behaviors: The moderating role of driving skills in Turkey and China
Üzümcüoğlu, Yeşim; Özkan, Türker; Wu, Chaozhong; Zhang, Hui (Elsevier BV, 2020-01-01)
© 2020 National Safety Council and Elsevier LtdIntroduction: While road traffic accidents and fatalities are a worldwide problem, the rates of road traffic accidents and fatalities show differences among countries. Similarly, driver behaviors, traffic climate, and their relationships also show differences among countries. The aim of the current study is to investigate the moderating effect of driving skills on the relationship between traffic climate and driver behaviors by country. (Turkey and China). Meth...
Citation Formats
T. GEHLERT, C. HAGEMEİSTER, and T. Özkan, “Traffic safety climate attitudes of road users in Germany,” TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR, pp. 326–336, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: