Kondakçı, Yaşar
Bedenlier, Svenja
This chapter provides an overview on the organization and practice of open and distance learning (ODL) in the context of higher education in Turkey with regard to its historical, legal, organizational and social context and role. Also addressing current student enrolments in ODL and touching upon its major institutions, this overview closes with a brief discussion on future perspectives for ODL in Turkey. It needs to be noted that a main line of differentiation occurs between open and distance education due to the fact that while open education constitutes a specified form of distance education, it follows different regulations in the Turkish case (cf. Section “Organization and Legal Framework”). ODL, on the other hand, is an umbrella term that refers to formal, informal and non-formal learning processes in which learners are separated from each others and learning resources (including instructors, materials, etc.), interaction among learners as well as learners and resources happen via telecommunication technologies.

Citation Formats
Y. Kondakçı, S. Bedenlier, and C. H. AYDIN, “Turkey,” OPEN AND DISTANCE EDUCATION IN ASIA, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST: NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN A DIGITAL AGE, pp. 105–119, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/42353.