Kondakçı, Yaşar
This chapter provides an overview on the organization and practice of open and distance learning (ODL) in the context of higher education in Turkey with regard to its historical, legal, organizational and social context and role. Also addressing current student enrolments in ODL and touching upon its major institutions, this overview closes with a brief discussion on future perspectives for ODL in Turkey. It needs to be noted that a main line of differentiation occurs between open and distance education due to the fact that while open education constitutes a specified form of distance education, it follows different regulations in the Turkish case (cf. Section “Organization and Legal Framework”). ODL, on the other hand, is an umbrella term that refers to formal, informal and non-formal learning processes in which learners are separated from each others and learning resources (including instructors, materials, etc.), interaction among learners as well as learners and resources happen via telecommunication technologies.


Main trends in graduate study in basic sciences in Turkish universities: a quantitative overview
Uzun, Ali; Özel, M.F.; Yalçın, C. (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1990-12)
This paper seeks to trace the development of graduate studies in basic sciences in Turkish universities from origins to the present day. The study includes a sketch of the historical background of higher education from its start in medieval madrasahs and Istanbul Darulfunun (‘The House of Sciences’), to the transition into present-day university education, i.e., to the beginnings of modern graduate study and the emergence of new universities. Empirical statistics are given to substantiate the rapid growth o...
Yıldırım, İbrahim Soner (2019-01-01)
New possibilities offered through the Internet and other technologies have become a challenge for higher education institutions, yet providing brand new opportunities for learners. In the mid-2000s, many traditional universities in Turkey made initial efforts to integrate online education modules in response to the needs of geographically dispersed students with a different profile from traditional students, offering them multi-dimensional interaction opportunities between and among others learners and inst...
Gökalp, Gökçe (Routledge, London/New York , 2022-12-01)
In Turkey, the national policy framework for doctoral examination is set out in the doctoral education section of the Graduate Education Regulations of the Council of Higher Education based on Higher Education Law number 2547. According to the regulations, the award of the doctoral degree involves completing course work, passing the qualifying exam, submitting the thesis, and successfully passing the oral examination. Recently, some universities introduced an additional requirement to have a published artic...
Turkish student teachers' concerns about teaching
Boz, Yezdan (Informa UK Limited, 2008-01-01)
The purpose of this study was to examine the teaching concerns of Turkish student teachers and how these concerns differ among year groups within the teacher education programme. Data were collected from 339 student teachers using the Teacher Concerns Checklist. Analysis of the data, including both descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), showed that student teachers held more task-related concerns, but had the fewest self-survival concerns. In addition, fifth-year prospective ...
Turkey's educational policies in Central Asia and Caucasia: Perceptions of policy makers and experts
Köksal, Pınar; Engin Demir, Cennet (2012-01-01)
The purpose of this study is to analyze the educational policies of Turkey in Central Asia and Caucasia in the post-Soviet era in terms of their successes and failures as perceived by some of the relevant professional policy makers in this field as well as experts from various think-tank institutions in Turkey who are interested in the region. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 12 participants. The findings indicated that Turkey's educational polices in the Turkic republics of Central Asia and C...
Citation Formats
Y. Kondakçı and C. H. AYDIN, “Turkey,” OPEN AND DISTANCE EDUCATION IN ASIA, AFRICA AND THE MIDDLE EAST: NATIONAL PERSPECTIVES IN A DIGITAL AGE, pp. 105–119, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/42353.