Fusion of forward-looking infrared camera and down-looking ground penetrating radar for buried target detection

Yuksel, Seniha Esen
Akar, Gözde
Ozturk, Serhat
In this paper, we propose a system to detect buried disk-shaped landmines from ground penetrating radar (GPR) and forward-looking long wave infrared (FL-LWIR) data. The data is collected from a test area of 500m(2), which was prepared at the IPA Defence, Ankara, Turkey. This test area was divided into four lanes, each of size 25m length by 4m width and 1m depth. Each lane was first carefully cleaned of stones and clutter and then filled with different soil types, namely fine-medium sand, course sand, sandy silt loam and loam mix. In all lanes, various clutter objects and landmines were buried at different depths and at 1meter intervals. In the proposed approach, IR data is used as a pre-screener. Then possible target regions are further analyzed using the GPR data. IR data processing is done in three steps such as preprocessing, target detection, and postprocessing. In the pre-processing stage, bilateral noise reduction filtering is performed. The target detection stage finds circular targets by a radial transformation algorithm. The proposed approach is compared with the RX algorithm used widely for anomaly detection. The suspicious regions are further analyzed using Histogram of Oriented Gradient (HOG) features that are extracted from GPR images and classified by SVM. The same approach can also be applied in a parallel way where the results are combined using decision level fusion. The results of the proposed approach are given on different scenarios including different weather temperature and depth of buried targets.


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The most commonly used remote sensing methods are used in such applications as the aquistic emmission, ground penetration radar (GPR) detection, electromagnetic induction spectroscopy, infrared imaging, thermal neutron activation, nuclear quadruple resonance, X-ray back scattering, neutron back scattering and magnetic anomaly detection. In deciding which type of method has to be used for detection, the variables such as the type of object, material used, position, geographical and environmental conditions, ...
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The terms ‘ground-probing radar’, ‘ground penetrating radar (GPR)’, ‘sub-surface radar’ or ‘surface-penetrating radar (SPR)’ refer to various techniques for detecting and imaging of subsurface objects. Among those terms GPR is preferred and used more often. In this thesis, the depth and the position of the buried circular cylinder are determined by a GPR system which comprises of an optical fiber sensor (OFS). The system is a combination of OFS, GPR and optical communication link. In order to determine the ...
Citation Formats
S. E. Yuksel, G. Akar, and S. Ozturk, “Fusion of forward-looking infrared camera and down-looking ground penetrating radar for buried target detection,” 2015, vol. 9454, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/42469.