Effect of biogenic substrate concentration on 4-chlorophenol degradation kinetics in sequencing batch reactors with instantaneous feed

Dilek, Filiz Bengü
Two sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) instantaneously fed with 200mg/l 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) were operated at different feed peptone concentrations to investigate the effect of biogenic substrate (peptone) concentrations on reactor performance, yield coefficient (Y) and 4-CP degradation kinetics. One of the reactors was operated at 10 days of sludge retention time (SRT) and the other was operated at 20 days of SRT. High chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies (90-95%) and complete 4-CP removals (detection limit was 0.05 mg/l) were observed even in the absence of peptone. Accumulation of 5-chloro-2-hydroxymuconic semialdehyde (CHMS), meta cleavage product of 4-CP, was observed, which was completely removed at the end of the reactor cycle. It was concluded that decreasing peptone concentrations did not affect 4-CP degradation profiles and Haldane equation can be satisfactorily used to predict time course variation of 4-CP concentrations. It was assumed that specialists (competent biomass) are only responsible for 4-CP degradation and its concentration was constant although peptone concentration in the feed was varied, as competent biomass grows on 4-CP only. Model developed using this assumption well tracked the experimental data. The kinetic coefficients obtained for the reactor operated at 10 days of SRT were also valid for the reactor operated at 20 days of SRT although higher degradation rates were observed due to higher steady state biomass concentrations.