Comparison of the expected damage patterns from two- and three-dimensional nonlinear dynamic analyses of a roller compacted concrete dam

The seismic performance of the tallest roller-compacted concrete gravity dam in Turkey is investigated in this study. For this purpose, two- and three-dimensional nonlinear dynamic finite element analyses were conducted to investigate the expected damage under simulated ground motions. Based on the results of finite element simulations, it was found that the three-dimensional behaviour of the dam is substantially different from the idealised two-dimensional monolith behaviour, even for a dam having monoliths separated with transverse joints. In addition, it was determined that in order to limit the cracking at the base of the dam, higher strength grout-enriched concrete must be used on the upstream and downstream faces. This study demonstrates the importance of three-dimensional modelling for gravity dams built in relatively narrow valleys along with the significance of the modelling of the nonlinear response for seismic performance assessment.


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Seismic behavior of gravity dams has long been evaluated and predicted using a representative 2D monolith for the dam. Formulated for the gravity dams built in wide-canyons, the assumption is nevertheless utilized extensively for almost all concrete dams due to the established procedures in 2D space as well as the expected computational costs of building a three dimensional model. A significant number of roller compacted concrete dams are being designed based on these procedures regardless of the valley dim...
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Citation Formats
Y. Arıcı and B. Binici, “Comparison of the expected damage patterns from two- and three-dimensional nonlinear dynamic analyses of a roller compacted concrete dam,” STRUCTURE AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGINEERING, pp. 305–315, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: