Hazardous waste management system design under population and environmental impact considerations

Yilmaz, Ozge
Kara, Bahar Y.
Yetiş, Ülkü
This paper presents a multi objective mixed integer location/routing model that aims to minimize transportation cost and risks for large-scale hazardous waste management systems (HWMSs). Risks induced by hazardous wastes (HWs) on both public and the environment are addressed. For this purpose, a new environmental impact definition is proposed that considers the environmentally vulnerable elements including water bodies, agricultural areas, coastal regions and forestlands located within a certain bandwidth around transportation routes. The solution procedure yields to Pareto optimal curve for two conflicting objectives. The conceptual model developed prior to mathematical formulation addresses waste-to-technology compatibility and HW processing residues to assure applicability of the model to real-life HWMSs. The suggested model was used in a case study targeting HWMS in Turkey. Based on the proposed solution, it was possible to identify not only the transportation routes but also a set of information on HW handling facilities including the types, locations, capacities, and investment/operational cost. The HWMS of this study can be utilized both by public authorities and private sector investors for planning purposes.

Citation Formats
O. Yilmaz, B. Y. Kara, and Ü. Yetiş, “Hazardous waste management system design under population and environmental impact considerations,” JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, vol. 203, pp. 720–731, 2017, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/42825.