Impulsivity and driver behaviors, offences and accident involvement: A systematic review

Özkan, Türker
The present literature review study investigated the relationship between impulsivity and driver behaviors, offences and road traffic accidents through the lenses of characterological perspective. The studies published from 1970 to 2014 that examined and reported a relationship between impulsivity and at least one driving related outcome (e.g., a self-report measure of driver behavior) were included. The relevant 38 out of 288 studies are presented in four sections based on the driving related outcomes as; (i) aberrant driver behaviors and driving anger/aggression, (ii) driving under the influence, (iii) traffic offences and accidents, (iv) other. The vast majority of the studies reported significant relationships between impulsivity and the driving outcomes. The general findings of the studies in the literature, suggestions including a new definition of impulsivity in driving context, and future directions are discussed in the scope of a proposed integrative conceptual framework.


Multidimensional Traffic Locus of Control Scale (T-LOC): factor structure and relationship to risky driving
Özkan, Türker (2005-02-01)
The aim of the present study was to develop a multidimensional instrument for measuring driver locus of control and to investigate the relationship between driver locus of control, risky driving and negative outcomes. Participants were young male (N = 216) and female (N = 132) drivers who completed a form including the newly developed Multidimensional Traffic Locus of Control Scale (T-LOC), Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ), and items related to drivers' driving records and demographics. Factor analysis ...
A new addition to DBQ: Positive Driver Behaviours Scale
Özkan, Türker (Elsevier BV, 2005-7)
The aims of the present study were to develop an instrument for measuring "positive" driver behaviours and to investigate the relationship between these behaviours, DBQ scales (violations and errors), aggression, traffic offences, and accidents. Participants were 306 Turkish drivers (194 male and 112 female) who completed a questionnaire including the newly developed Positive Driver Behaviour Scale, Driver Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ), Driver Aggression Indicators Scale (DAIS), and items related to drivers...
Symmetric Relationship Between Self and Others in Aggressive Driving Across Gender and Countries
Özkan, Türker; Parker, Dianne; Sumer, NEBİ; Summala, Heikki (2010-01-01)
Objective: It was hypothesized that the combination of self-reported aggressive behaviors committed by the driver himself/herself (oselfo scale) and perceiving himself/herself as an object of other drivers' aggressive acts (oothero scale) increases road accident involvement risk across gender and countries. The aim of this study was, therefore, to investigate this symmetric relationship between aggressive driving of self and other and its relationship on accident involvement among British, Dutch, Finnish, a...
Driving Decisions of Young and Old Drivers - Driving Self-Regulation
Azık, Derya; Özkan, Türker (2019-07-05)
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between driving self-regulation (i.e., strategical, tactical, and life-goal) and aberrant driver behaviors (i.e., violations, errors, and lapses). 120 old and 138 young, a total of 258 active drivers participated and filled Revised version of Advanced Decisions and Patterns of Travel Scale (Molnar, et al, 2013) and Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) (Reason et al., 1990; Lajunen, & Özkan, 2004). The results showed that tactical self-regulation was ne...
Analysis of comprehension of traffic signs: a pilot study in Ankara, Turkey
Kırmızıoğlu, Erkut; Tüydeş Yaman, Hediye; Department of Civil Engineering (2010)
Traffic signs, which are extremely important for traffic safety, aims to regulate traffic by providing information about the characteristics of road and road environment for drivers. The success of traffic signs mainly rely on the easy comprehensibility of its meaning in a short time. Further more, today’s global economies and transportation systems emphasize the need for more universial traffic signs which was the main motivation of two main treaties on traffic signs; Vienna Convetion in 1968 and European ...
Citation Formats
P. BIÇAKSIZ and T. Özkan, “Impulsivity and driver behaviors, offences and accident involvement: A systematic review,” TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR, pp. 194–223, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: