Site-Specific Design Spectra for Vertical Ground Motion

This paper contains ground-motion prediction equations (GMPEs) for the vertical-to-horizontal spectral acceleration (V/H) ratio, and the methods for constructing vertical design spectra that are consistent with the probabilistic seismic hazard assessment results for the horizontal ground motion component. The GMPEs for V/H ratio consistent with the horizontal GMPE of Abrahamson and Silva (2008) are derived using the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center's Next Generation of Ground-Motion Attenuation Models (PEER-NGA) database (Chiou et al. 2008). The proposed V/H ratio GMPE is dependent on the earthquake magnitude and distance, consistent with previous models, but it differs from previous studies in that it accounts for the differences in the nonlinear site-response effects on the horizontal and vertical components. This difference in nonlinear effects results in large V/H ratios at short spectral periods for soil sites located close to large earthquakes. A method to develop vertical design spectra dependent on the horizontal component uniform hazard spectrum that accounts for the correlation between the variability of the horizontal ground-motion model and the variability of the V/H ratio ground-motion model is proposed. [DOI: 10.1193/1.3651317]


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Kalkan, E; Gulkan, P (SAGE Publications, 2004-11-01)
The current spectral shapes in the Turkish Seismic Code (TSC) are based on broadly described geological conditions, ignoring fault distance or magnitude dependencies on spectral ordinates. To address this deficiency, a data set created from a suite of 112 strong ground motion records from 57 earthquakes that occurred between 1976 and 2003 has been used to develop horizontal attenuation relationships for Turkey. This way it is possible to construct hazard-consistent design spectra for any national seismic re...
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A two-story, three-bay RC frame with code incompliant seismic design and detailing is tested using continuous pseudodynamic test method for three scale levels of Duzce ground motion. The ground motion produced minimum, significant, and severe damage states on the test structure. Diagonal cracking of the infill wall, column damage in the form of cover spalling and rebar buckling, and complete disintegration of the infill wall were the important observed damage events for the three scale levels, respectively....
Citation Formats
Z. Gülerce, “Site-Specific Design Spectra for Vertical Ground Motion,” EARTHQUAKE SPECTRA, pp. 1023–1047, 2011, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: