A critical assessment of John Rawls’s Theory of Justice as fairness

Eryılmaz, Ene
This dissertation is a critical analysis of John Rawls’s theory of justice in its historical and philosophical context. To that end, his works from A Theory of Justice (1971) to Justice as Fairness: A Restatement (2001) are examined. Not only Rawls’s theory of justice but also his approach to metaphysics and metaethics are also tackled to understand justice as fairness deeply. While setting out Rawls’s main arguments and theses, a critical approach is adopted with his foremost critics. This study thus searches for answers to the questions such as whether Rawls’s theory is workable, what does he precisely defends, what does he aim at with justice as fairness, and whether it is consistent or not. Unfortunately, it is seen that Rawls fails to propose a coherent egalitarian as well as liberal theory of justice. Hence, he could not reconcile the ideas of freedom and equality.


Politics, law and morality: David Hume on justice
Eryılmaz, Enes; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2011)
This thesis evaluates David Hume’s notion of justice by examining the coherence in his legal, moral, and political philosophy. It is argued that on the whole, Hume’s use of the concept justice is coherent in his theories of law, ethics, and politics. To this end, firstly, Hume’s moral thought is examined in detail. Secondly, his legal theory and his position in legal philosophy are considered with references to its moral aspects. Next, Hume’s notion of justice is examined in its relation with the state. It ...
Freedom in the social context: the positions of Aristotle and Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Aytemir, Nesil; Ceylan, Yasin; Turan, Şeref Halil; Department of Philosophy (2018)
This thesis aims at examining and comparing the concept of freedom in the social context from the viewpoints of Aristotle (384–322 BC) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). In order to do that, Aristotle’s ideas on slavery, the position of women in city-state, freedom of citizens, and democracy are emphasized for his position; and Rousseau’s ideas on state of nature, social contract theory, and ideal education are stressed on for his position. As both Aristotle and Rousseau mainly seek for an ideal system ...
Justice and justification: the argument against Kantian subordination of politics to morality (the cases of John Rawls and Jurgen Habermas)
Yazıcı, Sedat; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2002)
By providing a clarification of the Kantian legacy on which both Rawls's and Habermas's justification of the principles of justice rests, the historical part of this dissertation aims to demonstrate the misdirection that Kant gave to the contemporary political philosophy. The conceptual part of the dissertation argues for the idea that, due to an internal connection between the justificatory methodology of a political theory and its essential ideas, a political system cannot be justified independently of it...
An Analysis of the political approach of John Dryden’s plays and their appraisal through the ideas of Edmund Burke /
Dore, Peter Jeremy; Sönmez, Margaret Jeanne M.; Department of English Literature (2014)
This thesis is an analysis of the political approach of the plays of John Dryden and an analysis of it through the ideas of Edmund Burke. This work establishes that Dryden had a political program, it being the use of his literary work to promote the concept of monarchical legitimacy so as to support Charles II and the legitimate succession to his rule. Dryden engages in this program in his dramas by depicting the legitimate rulers within them as exceptionally virtuous. He additionally uses his plays to make...
At the Contours of Corporeality: Critique as Will to Power
İbrahimhakkıoğlu, Fulden (2018-06-01)
Foucault gives an account of the contrast between Kantian and post-Kantian critique, which can be summarized as a shift from universality to historicity. This shift to historicity and contingency, for Foucault, opens up the possibility of transgressive critical engagement whereby social transformation can take place. In this essay, it is argued that Nietzsche's work constitutes an example of post-Kantian critique insofar as Nietzsche undertakes critique in the form of revaluation of values through which the...
Citation Formats
E. Eryılmaz, “A critical assessment of John Rawls’s Theory of Justice as fairness,” Thesis (Ph.D.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. Philosophy., Middle East Technical University, 2019.