Debating nuclear proliferation and international security nexus: the case of İran

Öncel, Rıfat
The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the consequences of the proliferation of nuclear weapons in terms of international security and to propose a more comprehensive and coherent theoretical framework through a critical review of the current approaches through the Iranian nuclear crisis. Nuclear weapons have always been an important source of debate in the international security literature, due to enormous impact of their emergence and proliferation on international politics. In this thesis, optimistic and pessimistic approaches which are two main schools of thought on the proliferation of nuclear weapons are examined in detail and their approaches to the Iranian nuclear crisis have been put forth. From this point of view, the relation of nuclear weapons with the important concepts and variables such as the causes of wars, deterrence and defense, offense-defense balance, regime type and their role in civil-military relations were discussed. In this study, which critically discusses the current literature, it has been proposed that the possible consequences of the proliferation of nuclear weapons will be more coherently explained by the stabilityinstability paradox rather than the optimistic-pessimistic binary. The thesis, which takes the Iranian nuclear crisis as a case study, argues that despite cumulative approaches of the optimist and pessimist schools in the current literature, if Iran obtains nuclear weapons, the likely results will be more sophisticated. Based on the stability-instability paradox, the thesis argues that if Iran acquires nuclear weapons, strategic stability will increase but sub-strategic stability will be eroded


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This thesis analyzes the U.S.-Iran relations in accordance with Iranian Nuclear Crisis from a historical perspective. Analyzing the U.S.-Iran relations since 1953 until 2008, it is possible to see that as the two countries’ perceptions towards each other change, their policies towards the nuclear issue change, too. While nuclear developments were not a threat for the two states that were close allies during the Shah Era, the perceptions totally changed after the Islamic Revolution. However, even if US and I...
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This thesis assesses the role of Turkey in the diplomatic process towards resolution of the Iranian nuclear issue within the context of its improving bilateral relations with Iran and analyzes the motives behind increasing Turkish involvement in this issue. Firstly, this thesis will present a historical overview of Iran‟s nuclear program and the dispute arising from this program. Secondly, the attitudes of the major stakeholders who have been dealing with this issue since the inception will be put under spo...
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This chapter argues that the notion of cuspness not only helps to explain the critical puzzles in Iran's foreign policy, but also permits analysis that displaces Iran from this 'irrational' place and relocates it to a new space where it might become comparable to other Cusp States. It does so by first revisiting critical turning points in Iran's international relations in the twentieth century and in the second part by focusing on the current puzzles in Iran's international relations. Iran is 'still' in a s...
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Tayfur, M.Fatih (Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey), 2000-12-1)
This article aims to review and compare the systemic-structural approaches to international relations, and their impact on the study of foreign policy. Yet, the specific objective of this essay is to discuss, ‘The Modern World-System Approach’ which has been, mostly, less well understood or misunderstood, or misinterpreted by the students of international relations and foreign policy analysis. In the era of ‘globalisation’, re-visiting the systemic-structural approaches, and especially ‘the modern world-sys...
Iran's relations with the United States and Western Europe between 1997-2001
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The objective of this thesis is to analyse Iran's relations with the United States and Western Europe between 1997 and 2001. Accordingly, the thesis consists of three main parts. In the first part of the study, a historical background of the foreign policy of Islamic Republic of Iran is outlined. In this context 1979 Islamic Revolution, impacts of the Revolution on the foreign policy and Iran's relations with the West are examined. After the Islamic Revolution, relations with the United States have deterior...
Citation Formats
R. Öncel, “Debating nuclear proliferation and international security nexus: the case of İran,” Thesis (M.S.) -- Graduate School of Social Sciences. International Relations., Middle East Technical University, 2019.