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The state and the planning market: the case study of private planning bureaus in Turkey

Kaldırım Yaşar, Kübra.
The purpose of this thesis is to understand the relationship between the state and the urban planning market composed of private planning bureaus. To see this relationship in detail, the laws and regulations related to the field and their implications on the urban planning market is analyzed. The shaping of the market by these legal framings is thought to be the key connection between two parties. In doing so, it reviews how the state made a direct impact on shaping the market for the very first time by the regulation on the Competency License 1969 (1985, 2006, 2019), and indirectly by other laws and regulations. In particular, this study questions the structure of the market that was brought to life in the neoliberal period which, in fact, had started to form before the neoliberal period. This thesis aims to comprehend the characteristics of market players with the help of statistical data gathered through in-depth interviews. The findings of the study show that the state, constructed the market with the acceleration of urbanization in Turkey and directed it to adopt an oligopoly system characteristically. There is a divided market structure present in the market. A and other groups are positioned in divided states. This divided structure has been established by state regulations. There is an unfair competition between Group A private planning bureau owners and other group private planning bureau owners. While other sub-groups, especially F group planners are struggling to exist in the market, A group planners have created oligopoly and established a dominant structure. This division seems to be of help to the state in maintaining its neoliberal policies.