Politics of urban transportation local, national and international dynamics case of Ankara and Eskişehir road corridor

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2015
Öncü Yıldız, Mevlüde Ayça
This study aims to identify the factors that influence the development of Ankara’s urban transport system and to assess the effects of influencing groups and actors (referred to as assemblages in this study) on urban and transportation development of Eskişehir Road Corridor in relation with economic development, political decisions, institutional and legal frameworks. The thesis adopts a multi-level analysis method for researching influencing developments and assemblage relationships shaping urban transport policies and practices. Multi-level research is carried out for international, national and local levels considering relations at each level and between different levels. The analysis proved that management of a strong mayor together with its relationships with urban assemblages has been shaping urban transport decisions in the case of Ankara, which have been in contradiction with urban transport master plan principles and often at the expense of public good while creating benefits for several commercial profit-oriented assemblages. However, the most influencing factor again becomes national economic and political preferences of governing parties considering historical trends, of which the study also provides a review. This entrepreneurialist development trend is not unique to the current Mayoral period even though it reached its most intensified form because of national economic development policies and political attitudes adopted after 1980. National governments contributed to this trend through not improving legal and institutional frameworks related to urban transport in parallel to increasing urban transport problems and complexities.

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Citation Formats
M. A. Öncü Yıldız, “Politics of urban transportation local, national and international dynamics case of Ankara and Eskişehir road corridor,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2015.