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Developing a proactive conservation approach for an uncomfortable industrial heritage: Adana slaughter house (Kanara)

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2019
Ekici, Simay Cansu
Major improvements in production technology led to the creation of new zones including various types of spaces where energy is generated, transmitted and used. With these developments, industrialization caused changes in the physical, natural and social environment. In this process, architecture and city planning were used as tools to create spaces for industry and at the same time contributing to the modernization of society. These complexes and buildings became the subject of conservation because they embrace important information about the culture and history of the industry. A slaughterhouse, which supplies meat in a controlled and hygienic manner, is also considered as an industrial facility. It is a cultural heritage because the meat is a very big part of humanity and the production of food has been a crucial subject of civilizations in the scope of health and technology. Following the first ten years of the Turkish Republic, the government emphasized building production and service facilities in cities and the slaughterhouse was one of them. Because of the developments in technology and urban decisions, just like other industrial buildings, conservation and reuse of slaughterhouses are discussed. However, slaughterhouses have different features to be evaluated in the scope conservation because they have an unwanted character as a place for killing and contain contradictory notions within themselves. Therefore, slaughterhouse complexes were discussed as industrial heritage as well as uncomfortable heritage with contradictions and contrasts. Being one of the important production centers of Turkey; Adana was a city shaped by industrial structures starting from the 19th century until today. Adana slaughterhouse (Kanara), built in the early years of the Republic, is a rare example with its exceptional architectural features designed by a Turkish architect Semih Rüstem Temel. Even though, it is functioning on its original use and registered as a cultural heritage; a new slaughterhouse is planned and the historical building will be evacuated facing the risk of standing in the middle of the growing city and becoming abandoned or demolished because of its negative image. Considering those risks; a proactive approach was aimed at this thesis. After documenting and understanding the place with its context and historical background; values, problems and potentials were assessed in order to define conservation principles and scenarios for reuse.